Sacred Sites In North America  -Compiled by Mary Sutherland
Continued from Previous Page

ARIZONA

The Great Pyramids of Arizona
(http://www.book-of-thoth.com/article-topic-30.html) By _Gary A David_
(http://www.theorionzone.com/)
In a recent issue of Archaeology magazine Farouk El-Baz of Boston University suggests that the three major pyramids of the Giza Plateau
may have been modeled after the naturally occurring, conical hills found near the Kharga Oasis almost 150 miles west of Luxor. He also notes that
the hieroglyph meaning "desert hills" has a pointed shape.

On the other side of the globe on the high desert of American Southwest three great mountains rising out of the San Francisco Peaks eerily echo
the Egyptian triad. The basaltic cinder cone of Humphreys Peak (12,633 feet in elevation, the highest point in the Arizona) dominates this arid
landscape. The slightly lower Agassiz Peak (12,356 feet) is about a mile and a half due south, while Fremont Peak (11,969 feet) rests a mile
further southeast. These mountains are the winter home of the Hopi Kachinas, intercessory spirits between deities and humans, rather than gods per se. They can take the form of any object or
energy in the universe. Shortly after the winter solstice these divine beings travel to the three Hopi Mesas about
70 miles to the northeast. There they assist in the germination and growth of corn, squash, beans and other crops during the spring and early summer.

From late April until July Hopi men don kachina masks, not to impersonate these spiritual helpers but to actually become them. Dancing from dawn until dusk in the village plaza under the brutal
desert sun, they coax moisture from the few clouds drifting overhead. Then upon the arrival of the monsoons in mid to late July, the kachinas return to their mountain habitat for the remainder of the
year.
http://www.theorionzone.com/star_kachina.htm
http://www.theorionzone.com/star_kachina.htm)   
The relationship between the Egyptian desert hills and the three monumental pyramids may be similar to that between the volcanic mountains of Arizona and the three major Mesas where the Hopi
settled about 900 years ago. Although the Mesas are natural landforms rather than human-made structures, the villages built atop them in effect sanctify the surrounding geography. The center of
the Hopi universe, called Tuuwanasavi, is comprised of the First Mesa, Second Mesa, and Third Mesa. Like the Giza pyramids, this area corresponds to the three stars in the belt of Orion, which is
the visual focus and spiritual heart of the constellation.
http://www.grahamhancock.com/forum/DavidGA1.php
(http://www.grahamhancock.com/forum/DavidGA1.php)
The Mesas function as natural ziggurats, lifting the supplicant even closer to the celestial forces that must be appeased in order to gain the blessing of
rainfall.Scholar Vincent Scully explains the cultural significance of these landforms:
"Once we see the mesas as more than simply man-chosen but almost literally man-constructed --at the very least, man-finished, as the Hopi see them-- their true scale in Hopi culture opens to our
understanding. We remember moreover that there is no semantic distinction for the Hopi between the works of nature and those of mankind. Hence the collaboration of the mesas is between
commensurable beings. The Hopi are one with the rock."

For the Hopi the choosing and finishing of the Mesas is tantamount to the construction of the true pyramids of Egypt or the stepped pyramids of Mesoamerica.
The ancient Hopi petroglyph representing either "mesa" or "rain cloud" is the stepped pyramid, the exact copy of the Egyptian double staircase
hieroglyph. The Egyptian word Aatt means both the necropolis of the pyramid region and the Other World. It is formed by using both the double staircase
hieroglyph and the pointed desert hills hieroglyph mentioned above.

The souls of the pharaohs took flight from their pyramids to the stars in the same way that the otherworldly kachinas soar upon terraced storm clouds. The Hopi word aatsava means "between" and
the related word atsva means "above"   or "on top"  thereby stressing the verticality of the mesa/pyramid. Incidentally, the primary Egyptian example of the stepped pyramid is found at Saqqara. The
Hopi word saaqa means "ladder" or "stepladder"

In both the Egyptian and the Hopi cultures, pyramids have an avian association. The Bennu bird, also known as the phoenix, was sometimes depicted as a gray heron perched atop a pyramid or
obelisk. Periodically regenerated from its ashes, this sacred fowl is a primary symbol of eternal life. The Bennu was even instrumental in the creation of the cosmos. The Shu Texts describes "..that
breath of life which emerged from the throat of the Benu Bird, the son of Rê in whom Atum appeared in the primeval nought, infinity, darkness and nowhere.". Rising from the primordial abyss, the
hikê (life-breath) is carried in the beak
of the sacred bird of rebirth. It is perhaps more than a coincidence that the Hopi word hikâ echoes the Egyptian word hikà - both phonetically and semantically.

The powerful image of a bird perched on the apex of a pyramid also appears on a Hopi artifact. In the early twentieth century near the present town of Winslow, Arizona the renowned archaeologist
Jesse Walter Fewkes unearthed a stone slab covering a grave at Chevelon Ruin. On one side of the painted slab a white rectangular border with black on the outside encloses three isosceles
triangles or pyramids of nearly equal size. On a yellow background each of these black pyramids contains a white square located near the base. A red bird, perhaps a macaw or parrot, is perched
atop all three of these pyramids. Each of the
stylized birds has a triangular body, the base of which forms its dorsal side. The body's  apex (where its feet would be) touches each pyramid's apex. Only the bird at the center has eyes. Facing to
the right, they all have bifurcated tails and curving beaks. The four colors used on this slab are the traditional Hopi directional colors: yellow (northwest), black (southwest), red (southeast), and
white (northeast).

What is the meaning of these figures? Fewkes suggests that the triangles are simply rain clouds. The white square at the heart of each pyramid
signifies inner space, perhaps an Underworld of sorts. The three pyramids possibly designate the three major promontories in the San Francisco Peaks as
well as the three Hopi Mesas.
The exotic parrot or scarlet macaw represents the moisture of the tropical jungles far to the southeast, the direction symbolically implied by their redness. This is also the region of the Mayan
stepped pyramids. Used in prayer stick making and other ceremonies, the multi-hued feathers of these birds may symbolize the nadir, the Underworld direction of 'many colors'.  Whole bodies of
both parrots and macaws have been found in burial sites throughout
the Southwest.

Fewkes also discovered other grave slabs at Chevelon with circular holes worn into them, ranging in size from a broomstick to an arm's width. Somewhat condescending vis-Ã -vis the modern Hopi,
he remarks on their purpose:"Explanations more or less fanciful have been suggested for these perforated stones, one of which was that the rock had been placed above the body and the hole in it
was for the escape of the soul or breath-body."

Given this evidence, the three birds atop their pyramids in Arizona most likely performed same function as the journeying soul of the Bennu in Egypt did-- the omnipresent quest for immortality.

The Bennu iconography is also associated with the Benben, a black conical stone, possibly meteoric, used as a pyramidion, or apex of a pyramid. The Egyptian word ben denotes both the
nominative seed or semen and the infinitive to copulate or to impregnate- all particularly apropos of the phallic obelisk.

In addition, the cognate ben-t means cincture, belt, girdle and might refer obliquely to Orion's  belt.
Alnitak, the most eastern star of the belt, literally means 'the Girdle.' It corresponds to the Great Pyramid, or Khufu, in Egypt and First Mesa in Arizona. Mintaka, the most western star, is called 'the
Belt.' It corresponds to the small Menkaure pyramid in Egypt and Third Mesa in Arizona.

As with every truly divine omnipotence, the positive aspects are counter-balanced with the negative. Hence the word ben also means evil, wickedness and the words ben-t or benut can also refer to
pustule, boil or abscess. --all of which are attributes of the Hopi god of the Underworld and death, Masauu. No sound exists in the Hopi language, but the related word poengoe means boil or
abscess.

Whether or not the pyramid shaped hills of the Sahara served as models for the massive structures at Giza is still debated. Because the winter and summer homes of the kachinas are the San
Francisco Peaks and the Hopi Mesas respectively, this tribe most likely acknowledged the relationship between the three natural mountains and the three ceremonial Mesas. Similarly, these Mesas
reflect the three belt stars of Orion.

Correlations abound, both on earth and in heaven. To live between the two realms upon this vast desert is to feel deep in one's bones
the hermetic maxim...As above, so below.

Chevelon Ruin

Occupied between A.D. 1280 and the 1380s, this 300-room pueblo was a satellite of the much larger Homol’ovi Ruin 12 miles to the northwest, which corresponds to Betelgeuse, Orion's right
shoulder. Chevelon Ruin is due south nearly 60 miles from the Hopi village of Shungopovi on Second Mesa, which corresponds to Alnilam, the middle star in Orion's belt. Nearly 60 miles due north
from Shungopovi is the cliff dwelling at Betatakin Ruin, which corresponds to
Rigel, Orion's left leg. The method for establishing this precise north/south line stretching 120 miles is unknown. In addition, the line between Chevelon and Shungopovi forms the base of an
equilateral triangle, the apex of which is nearly 60 miles to the west at Sunset Crater, a volcanic cinder cone 1,000 feet high. It erupted intermittently between A.D. 1064 and circa 1250 and then
became dormant.
Reference: Gary A. David  author of  The Orion Zone: Ancient Star Cities of the American Southwest

Cline Terrace Platform Mound
Oak Creek Platform Mound
Park Creek Platform Mound
Rye Creek Ruin Platform Mound Complex

Alabama
Bottle Creek Indian Mounds
Indian Mound Park
Moundville State Archaeological Park

Arkansas
Bay Mounds
Boone's Mounds
Chickasawba Mound
Coy Mound Site
Goforth-Saindon Mound Group
Hughes Mound Site
Menard-Hodges Mounds
Parkin Archeological State Park
Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park

California
Joe Mound
Miller Creek School Indian Mound

Florida
Indian Mound Temple, Florida
Jupiter Inlet Indian Mound, Florida
Jupiter Inlet Indian Mound, Florida
Indian Mound Canoe Trips
Indian Burial and Sacred Grounds Watch
The Mayaimi Site
Lake Jackson Mounds
Crystal River Mounds
Bear Lake Mounds Archaeological District
Big Mound City
Big Mound Key--Boggess Ridge Archeological District
Butcherpen Mound
Cayson Mound and Village Site
Crystal River Indian Mounds, Crystal River State Archaeological Site
Fort Walton Mound
Hinson Mounds
Lake Jackson Mounds State Archaeological Site
Madira Bickel Mounds
Mound Key Site
Persimmon Mound
Portavant Mound Site
Princess Mound
Rock Mound Archaeological Site
Rookery Mound
Seminole Rest
Spruce Creek Mound Complex
Turtle Mound
Twin Mounds Archaeological District
Yent Mound
Yon Mound and Village Site

Georgia
Georgia Mounds-Early
Etowah Mounds Archaeological Site, Georgia
Rock Eagle Mound, Georgia
The Nacoochee Mound of Georgia
Georgia
Etowah Mounds Historic Park
Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park
Nacoochee Indian Mound
Ocmulgee National Monument
Rock Eagle Effigy Mound
Roods Creek Mounds

Illinois

Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site
Cleiman Mound and Village Site
Dickson Mounds
Dogtooth Bend Mounds and Village Site
Emerald Mound and Village Site
Horseshoe Lake Mound and Village Site
Hubele Mounds and Village Site
Kamp Mound Site
Mayberry Mound and Village Site
Mound House Site
Naples Mound
Orr-Herl Mound and Village Site
Rockwell Mound
Scales Mound Historic District
Tampico Mounds
Ware Mounds and Village Site
Wilson Mounds and Village Site
Sinnissippi Park, Illinois

Indiana

Angel Mounds State Historic Site
Mounds State Park
Pyramid Mound

Iowa

Effigy Mound National Monument

Kentucky

Amburg Mounds Site
Annis Mound and Village Site
Blue City Shell Mound
Carlston Annis Shell Mound
Cornelison Mound
DeWeese Shell Mound
Elam Mound Archaeological Site
Gaitskill Mound Archaeological Site
Indian Mound in Central Park
Mammoth Cave national Park
Mound Hill Archeological Site
Noland Mound
Ramey Mound
Rayburn Johnson Shell Mound
Read Shell Mound
Reeves Mound
Robbins Mound
Rockefeller Mound
Russell Shell Mound
Smallhous Shell Mound
Stone Serpent Mound
Wright-Greene Mound Complex

Louisiana

Bloodhound Hill
DePrato Mounds
Fredericks Site
Landerneau Mound
LSU Campus Mounds
Magnolia Mound
Marksville State Historic Site
Poverty Point State Historic Site



Massachusetts

Boston MA - Mystery Hill: America's Stonehenge?
About 40 miles north of the city of Boston, and about 25 miles inland from the Atlantic Ocean, is what appears to be the greatest, and perhaps oldest, megalithic enigma of North America. Mystery
Hill, also known as "America's Stonehenge", is a site that has puzzled archaeologists for almost a century.

Running across the 30 acres of hillside are a series of low walls, cave-like primitive buildings, and tunnels that are spread about with, according to one archaeologist, "gigantic confusion and childish
disorder, deep cunning and rude naively."

While the hill is compared to the English Stonehenge circle, it is, at first glance, physically quite different. Stonehenge is located on a plain, not a hill, and is arranged neatly as a series of concentric
circles, horseshoes and squares. Mystery Hill seems a jumble in comparison. The stones involved in Stonehenge are larger, up to 45 tons. The stones at Mystery Hill are smaller (the largest is
about 11 tons) and the construction less intricate.

Both sites do have some common points, though. Firstly, they served as observatories. Each has been found to have astronomical alignments including summer solstice. Secondly, we know almost
nothing about the builders of either location.

The "Sacrificial Stone." It has a gutter running around the edge.(Copyright America's Stonehenge. Used with permission)

While we don't know the type of ceremonies that may have gone on at Stonehenge, we do know something about the apparent activity on the hill. One of the main features of the site is an
enormous flat stone, like a great table, resting above the ground on four legs. Around the edge of the table runs a groove that leads to a spout. This great slab has been named the "Sacrificial
Stone" (left) and certainly may have served such a function. The gutter probably allowed the blood of the sacrifice to drain off the top.

Underneath the Sacrificial Stone is a shaft eight feet long leading to an underground chamber. It seems reasonable that this allowed a priest concealed in the chamber to speak as the voice of an
oracle. To a crowd gathered around the altar the sound would appear to float up from the Sacrificial Stone like the voice of some disembodied spirit.

In addition to the oracle chamber and the Sacrificial Stone the site has a number of other artificial caves and passages. At least one was constructed with a drain to keep them from being flooded.
The purpose of the rest of these structures, except one which appears to be a water well, are unknown.

The recent history of the hill starts with Jonathan Pattee. Pattee was a farmer who lived on the site from 1826 to 1848. There are many different and conflicting stories about Pattee, including that
he was a robber, ran an illicit still, and operated a stop on the famous "underground" railroad that spirited escaped slaves from the south to safety. One thing for sure is that he used one of the
structures as a cellar for his farmhouse.

Rumors abounded that Pattee had built the structures, with the help of his five sons, for no apparent reason. This seems unlikely as one of the site stones was found locked in the stump of a tree
that started growing around 1769, long before Pattee came to the area.

In 1936 the site came into the hands of William B. Goodwin. Goodwin had a pet theory that Irish monks had crossed the Atlantic long before Columbus and were responsible for the structures on the
hill. Goodwin conducted his own form of "archaeology" on the site by getting rid of whatever evidence that didn't fit his theory. The loss of these artifacts is one of the reasons the enigma of Mystery
Hill is so deep.

Currently the site is administered by the "America's Stonehenge" foundation and is open to visitors. A fee, used to preserve and research the site, is charged.

How old is the site? Pottery fragments have been tested and found to go back as far as 1000 BC. Charcoal from one fire pit, measured by radiocarbon dating, was found to be 4000 years old.

Who built it? Unknown. The Native Americans living in the northeast before Europeans arrived didn't build in stone. The colonial farmers didn't arrive in the valley until 1730 and we know from the
locked stone that construction must have been started before 1769. The 39 years in between seem a short time to build such a set of structures and the Sacrificial Stone/Oracle doesn't seem to fit
with the colonist religious beliefs.

Michigan

Stonehenge in Lake Michigan? Potentially pre-historic stone formation discovered deep underwater  By MATT BARTOSIK

Stones in a circular formation along with possible ancient carvings have been discovered deep below the surface of Lake Michigan.

The iconic Stonehenge in the UK is one of the most famous prehistoric monuments in the world, but it is not the only stone formation of its kind. Similar stone alignments have been found throughout
England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales… and now, it seems, in Lake Michigan.

According to BLDGBLOG, in 2007, Mark Holley, professor of underwater archeology at Northwestern Michigan College, discovered a series of stones arranged in a circle 40 feet below the surface
of Lake Michigan. One stone outside the circle seems to have carvings that resemble a mastodon—an elephant-like animal that went extinct about 10,000 years ago. Archaeologists had been hired
to survey the Lake's floor near Traverse City, Michigan, and examine old boat wrecks with a sonar device. They discovered sunken boats and cars and even a Civil War-era pier. But among these
expected finds was a potentially-prehistoric surprise. "When you see it in the water, you're tempted to say this is absolutely real," Holley told reporters at the time. "But that's what we need the
experts to come in and verify."

Specialists involved in the case are skeptical and want to gather more info before making a judgment. The problem? "They want to actually see it," said Holley. "Experts in petroglyphs generally
don't dive, so we're running into a bit of a stumbling block there." The formation, if authenticated, wouldn't be completely out of place. Stone circles and other petroglyph sites are located in the area.
While Chicago has an interesting and colorful history of its own, it's exciting to think that a North American version of Stonehenge could be sitting just over
200 miles away.

Mississippi

Alligator Mounds
Allison Mound
Arcola Mounds
Anderson Mound
Baker Mound
Baldwin's Ferry Mound
Batesville Mounds
Bear Creek Mound and Village Site
Belzoni Mound
Berry Mound and Village Archaeological Site
Boyd Mounds Site
Brogan Mound and Village Site
Bynum Mound and Village Site
Butler Mound and Village Site
Carson Mounds
Centers Creek Mound
City Mound
Dell Bullion Mound
Dupree Mound and Village Archaeological Site
Emerald Mound National Historic Landmark
Evansville Mounds
Floyd Mound
Frances Lee Mound Group
George Mound
Graveline Mound Site
Janet's Mound
Herman Mound and Village Site
Hunt Mound
L'Dora Lewis Mound
MacKay Mound
Midnight Mound Site
Mound Cemetery Site
Nanih Waiya Cave Mound
Nanih Waiya Mound and Village
Parker-Summerfield Mound Archaeological Site
Pharr Mounds
Pocahontas Mound A
Pocahontas Mound B
Providence Mound
Rolling Fork Mounds
SJ Mound
Steep Mound Site
Sweethorne Mound
Thelma Mound Archaeological Site
Vicksburg National Military Park
West Mound
Wild Wings Mounds
Word Mound

Missouri
Boulware Mound Group Archaeological Site
Brown, E.L., Village and Mound Archaeological Site
Crigler Mound Group Archaeological Site
Delta Center Mound
Denton Mound and Village Archaeological Site
Mealy Mounds Archaeological Site
Mellor Village and Mounds Archaeological District
Mellor Village and Mounds Archaeological District (Boundary Increase)
Murphy Mound Archaeological Site
Osterhout Mound Park
Pigman Mound Archaeological Site
Portwood Village and Mound
Sharkey Mound Group
Sugar Loaf Mound

North Carolina
The Baum Mound
Cowee Mound and Village Site
Nununyi Mound and Village Site
Spikebuck Town Mound and Village Site
Town Creek Indian Mound
Winterville

Oklahoma
Spiro Mounds

Ohio
Aberdeen Mound
Adena Mound
Alligator Effigy Mound
Arledge Mounds I and II
Armco Park Mound I
Armco Park Mound II
Austin Brown Mound
Enham Mound
Bone Mound II
Burchenal Mound
Campbell Mound
Cannon, Tom, Mound
Charles Metzger Mound
Coe Mound
Columbus Country Club Mound
Conrad Mound Archaeological Site
Coon Hunters Mound
David Stitt Mound
Dayton Power and Light Company Mound
Demoret Mound
Dixon Mound
Dunns Pond Mound
Eagle Township Works I Mound
Edington Mound
Edith Ross Mound
Elk Lick Road Mound
Ellis Mounds
Enon Mound
Etna Township Mounds I and II
Feurt Mounds and Village Site
Fortner Mounds I, II
Frankfort Works Mound
George Deffenbaugh Mound
Great Mound
Highbanks Metropolitan Park Mounds I and II
Hill-Kinder Mound
Hillside Haven Mound
Hodgen's Cemetery Mound
Hogan--Borger Mound Archeological District
Hopewell National Historic Park
Horn Mound
Horseshoe Mound
H. P. Jeffers Mound
Hueston Woods Park Mound
Hurley Mound
Jackson Mound
John Galbreath Mound
Karshner Mound
Keiter Mound
Kinzer Mound
Lake Ridge Island Mounds
Landen Mounds I and II
Lichliter Mound and Village Site
Luthor List Mound
Mann Mound
Markham Mound
Mathew Mound
McDaniel Mound
McLaughlin Mound
Melick Mound
Miamisbug Mound
Moar Mound and Village
Mound Cemetery Mound
Mound Cemetery Mound (Meigs Co.)
Mound City Group National Monument
Mound House
Nashport Mound
Nettle Lake Mound Group
Norwood Mound
Odd Fellows' Cemetery Mound
Old Maid's Orchard Mound
Orators Mound
Piketon Mounds
Potter, Carl, Mound
Raleigh Mound
Ranger Station Mound
Ratcliffe Mound
Reeves Mound
Rennert Mound Archaeological District
Roberts Mound
Rose, D. S., Mound
Schaer, Theodore B., Mound
Seip Earthworks and Dill Mounds District
Serpent Mound
Short Woods Park Mound
Skunk Hill Mounds
Snead Mound
Speedway Mound
Sprott's Hill Mounds Site
Stackhouse Mound and Works
Story Mound State Memorial
Story Mound (Hmilton Co.)
Tarlton Cross Mound
Taylor Mound and Village Site
T. C. Campbell Mound
Tremper Mound and Works
Tick Ridge Mound District
Trevey Mound
W. C. Clemmons Mound
Williamson Mound Archeological District
Williamson Mound State Memorial
Winameg Mound
Wolf Creek Mound
Wright Brothers Memorial Mound Group
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base Mound
Zaleski Methodist Church Mound

Oregon

Harris Park Mound
Lone Ranch Creek Mound
Susan Creek Indian Mounds Site

South Carolina

Auld Mound
Big Lake Cattle Mound
Blair Mound
Brady's Cattle Mound
Cattle Mound #6
Cook's Lake Cattle Mound
Cooner's Cattle Mound
Dead River Cattle Mound
Hanckel Mound
Lawton Mounds
McCollum Mound
Santee Indian Mound and Fort Watson
Sewee Mound

Tennessee

Brick Church Mound and Village Site
Cherry Creek Mound
Chucalissa
Denmark Mound Group
Mound Bottom
Myers Mound
Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park
Obion Mounds
Pinson Mounds, State Archaeological Park
Sellars Indian Mound
Shiloh Indian Mounds Site, Shiloh National Military Park
U. T. Agriculture Farm Mound
Woodland Mound Archeological District

Texas

Caddoan Mounds
Hale Mound Site
Komatia Mounds Archeological District
Tilson Mounds--Summerhill Lake Place
Westerman Mound

Utah

Evans Mound
Nephi Mounds

Virginia

Ely Mound  

Washington

Seal Rock Shell Mounds

West Virginia

Cemetery Mound
Criel Mound
Goff Mound
Grave Creek Mound
Linden Reynolds Farm Mound
St. Mary's Mound
South Charleston Mound


WISCONSIN  There were once 10,000 to 15,000 mounds in Wisconsin

Elmside Park Mounds
High Cliff Mounds (47 BN-90) Sherwood, Calumet Co.
Rice Lake Mounds (47 BN-90) Rice Lake, Barron Co.
Trempealeau Platform Mounds Site, Trempeleau County
Vilas Circle Bear Effigy Mound and the Curtis Mounds, Madison, Dane County
Wyalusing State Park Mounds Archaeological District  Bagley, Grant Co.

BARABOO, WI
it seems to me that theres an awful lot of quartz quarries around Baraboo, WI. Has anyone heard of Baraboo Quartzite?  Devil's Lake, the Man Mound, etc. The golf course  has several mounds
grouped together near a creek that no doubt was once a river. Several of these mounds are more or less indistinguishable, but the "serpent" is at probably 40+yards long and runs straight east to
west (tail east, mouth west) with open mouth. There is also 2 if not 3 quartz mines right in the neighborhood.

BURLINGTON, WI  
Follow this link for a pdf I did on Serpent Ridge outside of Burlington WI

Follow this link for a pdf written by the New York Times on the Mounds of Burlington WI

Kenosha, WI
Earliest Evidence Of Ancient Man In America Is Found In Wisconsin...The construction worker and the discovery that shocked the world
By Terence Falk

In the search of ancient man in the Americas, no find is more important than the one made by David Wasion in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Wasion was a construction worker whose avocation is field
archaeology. In 1990, he was working for the Kenosha Public Museum when he mentioned some possibilities to staff archaeologist, Dan Joyce. The nearby Kenosha County Historical Museum was
in the process of major staff changes and was conducting a full inventory of its holdings. Wasion had heard stories of mammoth bones being found at various sites around Kenosha going back to
the 1920s, but no one knew what had happened to the bones.

Wasion poured over old newspaper clippings and documents at the Historical Museum, but the inventory showed no such mammoth bones. Finally he got a phone call from a staff member: “We've
just come across a big wooden box, a crate, in the basement, and it has some bone in it. Do you want to go take a look?"
In the dusty basement, Wasion lifted the top of the crate to see bones from known Kenosha sites: Mud Lake, Fenske, and Schaefer. But Wasion saw something he never expected: obvious cut
marks that had to be made by human hands.

Wasion immediately called Professor David Overstreet at Marquette University in Milwaukee. Overstreet told Wasion to contact Joyce, and the following day all three of them examined the bones.
These marks were clearly human but were not created by the machines that dug up the bones. These were butchering marks made by ancient man. Radiocarbon dating would later reveal that
some bones were over 13,000 years old, at least two thousand years older that the supposed Bering Straits crossing and Clovis man.
They had a sketch map from the Schaefer site and decided that is where they would make their first attempt at finding the rest of a mammoth. Overstreet was insistent that Wasion should be part of
the dig. He knew Wasion's skills. He had employed Wasion several times over the years at various field sites for his company, Great Lakes Archaeology. Wasion had earned his stripes as a young
man in southern Illinois, joining an amateur archaeology club that sometimes worked with Northwestern University at various digs. After coming to Wisconsin, Wasion was often the site artist for
Overstreet. He even trained others in field techniques, including college students majoring in archaeology.
But when it came to hiring Wasion under a government grant, Wasion lacked the appropriate degree. Joyce and Wasion sat down and wrote up Wasion's resume, including the various publications
in which Wasion's drawings and work appeared. Finally he received a title acceptable for the grant: “Avocational Archaeologist recognized by the state of Wisconsin.”
They began their work in the summer of 1992. In three days they hit bone. The discovery of the Schaefer mammoth was monumental. The bones were stacked, something no animal would do, and
stone tools were found under the pelvis, tools that could not have migrated from areas above. While other sites claim they may be older than the Kenosha sites, all have problems with dating. Here
were cut marks directly on the bone, and material from directly inside the bone could be carbon dated with no threat of contamination.
While the dig continued at Schaefer, the farmer from across the street, John Hebior, came over and stated, “Here, this is from my field,” and handed the team more mammoth bones.
In the summer of 1994, Overstreet and Wasion unearthed the Hebior mammoth, considered to be one of the most complete wooly mammoth skeletons ever found in the Americas. Castings were
made of the bones to make replicas of the skeleton. If your local museum had placed on display a mammoth skeleton within the last ten years, chances are it was made from the castings of the
Hebior mammoth.

Often, when credit is given for major finds, the first person left out is the one who lacks the advanced degree. But one name that should not be dropped in search for ancient Americans is David
Wasion.


Madison, Wi
Ancient Mound City found in Madison Wi - Seems they are located every 50 miles apart
http://burlingtonnews.net/files/madisonmounds.pdf

Prairie du Chien, WI
A young scientist leaves the first account of Wisconsin mounds in 1823. this is a Narrative of an expedition to the source of St. Peter's River ... in 1823.

William H. Keating was a professor of mineralogy and chemistry at the University of Pennsylvania who traveled in 1823 on an expedition to the Minnesota River,Red River, Lake Winnepeg, Lake of
the Woods, and Lake Superior. He stopped in Prairie du Chien long enough to travel over, examine and reflect upon the Indian mounds in its vicinity. These can be found in chapter VI of volume 1,
on pp.235-245, and are the first reports by a white observer of effigy mounds in Wisconsin.

Excerpt from observation:
....There are at present but few Indians in the immediate vicinity of the fort, and none can give an account of the works which are so abundantly scattered over the country. They say that the only
means by which they can account for them is to suppose that the country was probably inhabited, at a period anterior to the most remote traditions, by a race of white men, similar to those of
European origin,and that they were cut off by their forefathers. This supposition is grounded upon the circumstance of their having found human bones buried in the earth at a much greater depth
than that, at which they are accustomed to inter their dead; and in graves which differ from theirs, inasmuch as they are unaccompanied by instruments of any kind, whereas they never omit
depositing the arms, &c. with the corpse of the deceased. It is also said that tomahawks of brass (?) and other implements differing from those in common use among the present Indians, have
likewise been found under the surface of the ground.. The fortifications appear to them likewise to be a proof of the correctness of their opinion, as none of the Indians are in the habit of
constructing works of a similar character, and as indeed they are unacquainted with the utility of them.

"Mr. Brisbois, who has been for a long time a resident of Prairie du Chien, informed me that he saw the skeletons of eight persons, that were found, in digging a cellar near his house, lying side by
side. They were of a gigantic size, measuring about eight feet from head to foot. He added that he took a leg bone of one of them and placed it by the side of his own leg, in order compare the
length of the two; the bone of the skeleton extended six inches above his knee. None of these bones could be preserved as they crumbled to dust soon after they were exposed to the atmosphere
STONE PEOPLE OF THE SUPERSTITION MOUNTAINS:  PIMA
LEGEND
When Earth Doctor stuck his staff into the ground to cause the
flood, and water covered the earth, most of the people perished,
but some escaped and followed White Feather, who fled to the
top of Superstition Mountains. The water rose, covering all the
valley until it was as high as the line of white
sandstone which is a conspicuous landmark. White Feather,
surrounded by his followers, tried all his magic in vain to prevent
the further rise of the flood.
When he saw he was powerless to prevent this, he gathered all
his people and consulted them, saying, "I have exhausted all
magic powers but one, which I will now try."Taking in his left hand
a medicine stone from his pouch, he held it at arm's length, at the
same time extending his right hand toward the sky. After he had
sung four songs he raised his hand and seized the lightning and
with it struck the stone which he held. This broke into splinters
with a peal of thunder and all his people were transformed into
the pinnacles of stone which can now be seen projecting from the
summit of one of the peaks of the Superstition Mountains.
Photo is of Shiprock outside of Apache Junction , Arizona  -

*The Masma Culture : If memory serves me, there are beautiful
stone effigies throughout the Superstition Mountains of Arizona. I
noticed that some people had written comments about the
Masma work as someone's imagination...but what comes to
mind for me is what will the stone art  of Mt. Rushmore look like
after thousands of years of exposure to the elements.  Will there
be those then that will also laugh at others for suspecting that
man hands worked with nature in such a wonderful creation.  
Mary Sutherland
Exploring the lost races
of ancient man  with
Mary Sutherland
Mary Sutherland is an author and
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