Anunnaki Genes in our Human Evolution?
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Human Genone Discovery and the Anunnaki


Sensational Human Genome Discovery

In whose image was The Adam – the prototype of modern humans,
sapiens – created?
The Bible asserts that the Elohim said: "Let us fashion the Adam in
our image and after our likeness." But if one is to accept a tentative
explanation for enigmatic genes that humans possess, offered when the
deciphering of the human genome was announced in mid-February, the
feat was decided upon by a group of bacteria!
"Humbling" was the prevalent adjective used by the scientific teams
and the media to describe the principal finding – that the human
contains not the anticipated 100,000 - 140,000 genes (the stretches of
DNA that direct the production of amino-acids and proteins) but only
some 30,000+ -- little more than double the 13,601 genes of a fruit
fly and barely fifty percent more than the roundworm's 19,098. What a
comedown from the pinnacle of the genomic Tree of Life!
Moreover, there was hardly any uniqueness to the human genes. They
are comparative to not the presumed 95 percent but to almost 99
percent of the chimpanzees, and 70 percent of the mouse. Human
genes, with the same functions, were found to be identical to genes of
vertebrates, as well as invertebrates, plants, fungi, even yeast. The
findings not only confirmed that there was one source of DNA for all
life on Earth, but also enabled the scientists to trace the
evolutionary process – how more complex organisms evolved,
genetically, from simpler ones, adopting at each stage the genes of a
lower life form to
create a more complex higher life form – culminating with Homo
The "Head-scratching" Discovery
It was here, in tracing the vertical evolutionary record contained in
the human and the other analyzed genomes, that the scientists ran into
an enigma. The "head-scratching discovery by the public consortium,"
as Science termed it, was that the human genome contains 223 genes
do not have the required predecessors on the genomic evolutionary
How did Man acquire such a bunch of enigmatic genes?
In the evolutionary progression from bacteria to invertebrates (such
as the lineages of yeast, worms, flies or mustard weed – which have
deciphered) to vertebrates (mice, chimpanzees) and finally modern
humans, these 223 genes are completely missing in the invertebrate
phase. Therefore, the scientists can explain their presence in the
human genome by a "rather recent" (in evolutionary time scales)
horizontal transfer from bacteria."
In other words: At a relatively recent time as Evolution goes, modern
humans acquired an extra 223 genes not through gradual evolution, not
vertically on the Tree of Life, but horizontally, as a sideways
insertion of genetic material from bacteria…
An Immense Difference
Now, at first glance it would seem that 223 genes is no big deal. In
fact, while every single gene makes a great difference to every
individual, 223 genes make an immense difference to a species such as
ours. The human genome is made up of about three billion neucleotides
"letters" A-C-G-T which stand for the initials of the four nucleic
acids that spell out all life on Earth); of them, just a little more
than one percent are grouped into functioning genes (each gene
consists of thousands of "letters"). The difference between one individual
person and another amounts to about one "letter" in a thousand in the
"alphabet." The difference between Man and Chimpanzee is less than
percent as genes go; and one percent of 30,000 genes is 300.
So, 223 genes is more than two thirds of the difference between me,
you and a chimpanzee!
An analysis of the functions of these genes through the proteins that
they spell out, conducted by the Public Consortium team and published
in the journal Nature, shows that they include not only proteins involved
in important physiological but also psychiatric functions. Moreover,
they are responsible for important neurological enzymes that stem only
from the mitochondrial portion of the DNA – the so-called "Eve" DNA
that humankind inherited only through the mother-line, all the way
back to a single "Eve." That finding alone raises doubt regarding that the
"bacterial insertion" explanation.
A Shaky Theory
How sure are the scientists that such important and complex genes,
such an immense human advantage, was obtained by us --"rather
through the courtesy of infecting bacteria?
"It is a jump that does not follow current evolutionary theories,"
said Steven Scherer, director of mapping of the Human Genome
Center, Baylor College of Medicine.
"We did not identify a strongly preferred bacterial source for the
putative horizontally transferred genes," states the report in
Nature. The Public Consortium team, conducting a detailed search,
found that some 113 genes (out of the 223) "are widespread among
bacteria" – though they are entirely absent even in invertebrates.
An analysis of the proteins which the enigmatic genes express showed
that out of 35 identified, only ten had counterparts in vertebrates
(ranging from cows to rodents to fish); 25 of the 35 were unique to
humans. "It is not clear whether the transfer was from bacteria to human
from human to bacteria," Science quoted Robert Waterson, co-director
Washington University's Genome Sequencing Center, as saying.
But if Man gave those genes to bacteria, where did Man acquire those
genes to begin with?
The Role of the Anunnaki
Readers of my books must be smiling by now, for they know the answer.
They know that the biblical verses dealing with the fashioning of The
Adam are condensed renderings of much much more detailed Sumerian
Akkadian texts, found inscribed on clay tablets, in which the role of
the Elohim in Genesis is performed by the Anunnaki – "Those Who
Heaven to Earth Came."
As detailed in my books, beginning with The 12th Planet (1976) and
even more so in Genesis Revisited and The Cosmic Code, the Anunnaki
came to Earth some 450,000 years ago from the planet Nibiru – a
member of our own solar system whose great orbit brings it to our part
of the
heavens once every 3,600 years. They came here in need of gold, with
which to protect their dwindling atmosphere. Exhausted and in need of
help in mining the gold, their chief scientist Enki suggested that they use
their genetic knowledge to create the needed Primitive Workers. When
the other leaders of the Anunnaki asked: How can you create a new
He answered:
"The being that we need already exists;
all that we have to do is put our mark on it."
The time was some 300,000 years ago.
What he had in mind was to upgrade genetically the existing hominids,
who were already on Earth through Evolution, by adding some of the
genes of the more advanced Anunnaki. That the Anunnaki, who could
already travel in space 450,000 years ago, possessed the genomic
(whose threshold we have now reached) is clear not only from the actual
texts but also from numerous depictions in which the double-helix of the
is rendered as Entwined Serpents (a symbol still used for medicine and
healing) -- see illustration 'A' below.
When the leaders of the Anunnaki approved the project (as echoed in
the biblical "Let us fashion the Adam"), Enki with the help of Ninharsag,
the Chief Medical Officer of the Anunnaki, embarked on a process of
genetic engineering, by adding and combining genes of the Anunnaki
with those of the already-existing hominids.
When, after much trial and error breathtakingly described and recorded
in antiquity, a "perfect model" was attained, Ninharsag held him up
and shouted: "My hands have made it!" An ancient artist depicted the
on a cylinder seal (illustration 'B').
And that, I suggest, is how we had come to possess the unique extra
genes. It was in the image of the Anunnaki, not of bacteria, that
Adam and Eve were fashioned.
A Matter of Extreme Significance
Unless further scientific research can establish, beyond any doubt,
that the only possible source of the extra genes are indeed bacteria, and
unless it is then also determined that the infection ("horizontal
transfer") went from bacteria to Man and not from Man to bacteria, the
only other available solution will be that offered by the Sumerian
texts millennia ago.
Until then, the enigmatic 223 alien genes will remain as an
alternative – and as a corroboration by modern science of the
Anunnaki and their genetic feats on Earth.
illustration A
illustration B
© Z. Sitchin 2001
Permission to reprint is hereby
granted on condition that the
following is prominently stated:
© Z. Sitchin
Reprinted with permission.
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