In Search of the Ancient Copper Culture in Michigan with Brad and Mary Sutherland
The Beginning of US 41 starts
the path of the ancient Copper
Culture where they start in the
Upper Pennisula of Michigan,
known as the UP and continue
their travels and movement of
the copper and other raw
materials down through the
states to the harbors in Florida
where they would export the
material around the world.
Brad Sutherland standing at Copper Harbor which was used for the
importing and exporting of material around the world, The largest
exported material was the copper mined in this area, known as some of
the purest copper in the world.
|Copper Harbor, Michigan
Photographed by Mary Sutherland
|Copper Harbor, Michigan
Photographed by Mary Sutherland
|Copper Harbor, Michigan
Photographed by Mary Sutherland
|In the Search of the Ancient Copper
Culture or Mound builders I have
across two 'hooked-x's' which is the
sign that the Templars used where
ever they made claim to a spot. These
hooked-x's have never been seen
before by the public. One we found in
Wisconsin on Frank's Hill and the other
from Michigan on the property
undisclosed to public.
|The 'Hooked X' is an important encoded runic symbol likely created by proto-Templar Cistercian monks . Frank
Joseph writes in his book 'The Lost Colonies of America', that the X' is symbolic of the allegorical representation
of the duality and balance of man and woman, and heaven and earth. The 'hook' in the 'X' is symbolic of the
child or offspring, representative of the continuation and perpetuation of the 'goddess' ideology through
common blood lines and thoughts.
In my opinion, this Hooked X
may also represent a location of
a calendar that the Templars
found, being that both x's we
have found are indicative of a
calendar mound near by.
The hooked x we found in
Wisconsin was near the
entrance to the calendar
mounds you see in photo to
Following the Path of the Sun
|These calendar stones or
coned mounds may have been
specifically designed to show
the path of the sun. The
Templars may have made the
mark of the Hooked X as an
indication that an solar calendar
was near by.
|This 'Hooked X' found on the
back of a stone I found in
Michigan matches the code's
Magic Number in following the
Path of the sun, which again
matches up with the Hooked X
we found in Wisconsin
A nice piece of copper I picked up while in Michigan. Some
girls are into diamonds and this woman is into Copper!
|This is another nice piece of quartz with copper
veins that I brought home for my collection. It is
Mary Sutherland standing next to a large piece of copper
When I was younger the story of the Anishnabe Migration was told to me by an elder in
the community. He told the story in a similar manner that I have since read and heard
about. He mentioned however that certain families and people have carried that story on
in the oral form noting it was his father who told him the story before it was written.
So in thinking of Nibi Onji Canoe Journey 2017 we are following one version of the
Migration Story. The story itself includes all the places where they went and where they
ended up. All versions to me are true.
My thought is that as some have already come forward, they will paddle or organize
themselves to be apart of the journey from where they are and meet up with the
Thank you Mike Ormsby for sharing this photo with me, and to the ones who created it.
The Lure of Copper For the Canaanites (Beaker People)
When the Canaanite rolled across Western Europe from North Africa, they
knitted that region together by a NETWORK OF TRADING POSTS.
The Berbers (Canaanites) were an active sea-going people, known for their
long distance ocean voyaging. On the boats that they built they used animal
skins for sails and, after a while, a great shortage of skins for the leather sails
threatened to interrupt their maritime activities.
This problem was solved by a group of Berbers who set up a large hunting
camp in Arctic Norway near Mount Komsa in Finnmark. From here they
annually took large numbers of reindeer out of the herds migrating through the
area and sent the skins to the oak forests of southern Sweden and Conamara
in Ireland for tanning with oak bark. Other trading posts appeared in the
amber-rich areas of the Baltic.
In their mercantile voyages and through their Megalithic contacts, the Berbers
became aware of the presence of vast deposits of COPPER in the New World.
"Beaker Groups, keen to exploit copper deposits wherever they could be
found, began to navigate to the New World. They possessed a geographical
advantage...the easiest route to North America was the Atlantic Current from
Iberia or North Africa to the Caribbean (Kehoe, 280)....North America
was...treated to a large and substantial wave of Berber immigrants who brought
their culture with them when they settled around the copper mines of Lake
Superior and northern Wisconsin" (The Berber Project).
These colonists were traders to the very core! They came in search of wealth
and found it in copper -- huge amounts of it around Lake Superior and on Isle
Royale, which is reputedly the best source of pure copper on the entire planet!
The sudden emergence of what archaeologists have called the "Old Copper
Culture" coincides with large numbers of Berbers who descended on the
American Midwest and the St. Lawrence River valley to exploit these new-found
|According to the Greek historian Herodotus
Berbers wore what we call "Mohawk" haircuts -- like
many North American Indian tribes. Herodotus also
mentions that the Berbers engaged in the same kind of
"vision quest" commonly found in North American cultures
"To this day," adds Madison, "Berbers have the same
kind of animal legends as North American Indian
Berbers had arrowheads, atlatls (spear throwing
devices),FEATHERS IN THEIR HAIR and wore fringed
leather clothing, similar to the Native American Indians of
"Herodotus describes 'a place in Libya,' beyond the
Pillars of Hercules (i.e. past the Straits of Gilbralta)
where the Carthaginians traded for precious metals. He
wrote that the local natives used SMOKE SIGNALS to
communicate over long distances -- an obvious
reference to the famous Native American custom
(Herodotus, 4: 196). Later on, the Vikings, evidently on
the basis of the profound and obvious similarities
between North American and North African inhabitants,
languages and cultures, formed the impression that
North America was simply a peninsula of North Africa
itself (Riley, 250). -- The Berber Project
The Berbers Became known as the Beaker People because of their Art
Work and Megaliths.
n the Iberian Peninsula itself these Canaanites that Joshua drove out of Israel
and Egypt became known as the Beaker Folk. They became famous for
concentration of MOTILLAS, a kind of fortified BURIAL MOUND (Iberian
Prehistory, by Maria Cruz Castro). The BUILDING OF MOUNDS was a
HALLMARK of Berber and Berber-inspired cultures wherever they migrated to.
Known today among African Berbers as DJIDAR, these mounds were built not
only in Africa but throughout the first Berber expansion known as
While the ancient cultures of the Eastern Mediterranean buried their noble
dead in rock-hewn tombs, the Megalith-builders built rock tombs but sealed
them inside large earthen mounds (The Berber Project)
More famous than even their mounds were their drinking vessels - pottery
versions of what had long been woven in North Africa out of esparto grass (The
Prehistory of the Mediterranean, by D.H. Trump)
They were used for "something like mead, flavoured with herbs such as
meadowsweet or wild fruits". Alcoholic drinks were clearly a factor in this culture
and social acceptance.
The Beaker Folk were fundamentally TRADERS, and wherever they went they
were welcomed as friends -- not as hated conquerors. They formed stable
outposts, and their tombs contain multiple generations of family members.
The Berber Beaker People established complex trading networks, and the
diverse regions of Western Europe and North Africa were united as never
before . Ivory and ostrich egg shells were highly prized luxuries, and the only
source was North Africa, where eager Berber traders did a booming business .
Of more importance was their lucrative COPPER TRADE: they brought
chalcolithic culture to Western Europe, importing vast amounts of copper. --
The Berber Project).
Preoccupied by local affairs, they blocked the northward expansion of a thriving
Black civilization based in theTassili mountains of southern Algeria. Utilizing
superior technology, the Berbers took control of the arid Saharan steppes,
exploiting it for nomadic pastoralism. Their new technology and stratified society
"enabled them to subjugate the existing black population...[dealing here with a
WARRIOR ARISTOCRACY which had gained ascendancy over the black
groups of the Sahara: this is the first instance of a pattern which has been
repeated to the present day" (The Berbers, by Brett & Fentress).
In the meantime the Beaker Berbers of the Iberian Peninsula had begun to
decline. However, a few isolated groups remained active, such as the
inhabitants of the Balearic Islands who were building fortified towers known as
TALAYOTS. These so-called "Talaiotic" people survived well into the Christian
era. Archaeology shows that a similar culture flourished next-door in the island
of Sardinia. The native, pre-Roman inhabitants of this island were, all evidence
indicates, Canaanite Berbers (see The Romance Languages, by Harris and
Vincent and Le Origini delle Lingue neolatine, by Carlo Tagliavini). If the
ancient Balearans were also Berbers -- which is extremely likely -- then the
name of their towers (TALAYOTS) may preserve an indication of what these
peoples called themselves.
Later, a new, Canaanite/Berber-derived culture called "ADENA" began to flower
in Ohio. The Adena culture emerged from the Berber-dominated "Red Ochre"
tradition -- the descendants of the very people whose ancestors had first mined
copper on Lake Superior. "Political leadership in Adena," writes Madison, "was
probably provided by Berbers from Africa."
|Nearly 23-pound hunk of iron and nickel is the
sixth largest meteorite found in Michigan,
according to the Smithsonian Museum and
Central Michigan University. Meteorite strikes in
the Great Lake Area caused fractures in the land
from the lower part of Michigan traveling down the
eastern part of Wisconsin. These fractures
eventually created a karst system of lakes,
underground cave and tunnel systems.
The karsts of Southeastern Wisconsin have
created a landscape of rolling hills, mounds with
shafts, tunnels, caves and sinkholes. The karsts
were created by groundwater dissolving the
sedimentary broken up by an underground vortex
of spinning energy. Over millions of years, as flow
routes are enlarged, carbonate aquifers change
from diffuse-flow aquifers with water moving as
laminar flow through small openings, to
conduit-flow aquifers with water moving primarily
as turbulent flow through well-developed conduit
systems to discharge points at springs. As the
water table lowers below the level of surface
streams, the streams begin to lose water to
developing cave systems below.
After about 60 million years, warm,
shallow seas came down again from
the Arctic and covered Michigan during
the Silurian period. At this time the
land would have been in a subtropical
climate that gave rise to large coral
reefs across the state. Fossil findings
show that the largest and oldest reef
extends through the center of the
Upper Peninsula. A species of coral
that lived during this time period would
eventually become fossilized and
become what we refer to as Petoskey
|Route of the Mound Builders from
Michigan to Florida.
|The Grand River's rapids, Muskegon's oil and
Grand Rapid's gypsum mines all originated from
prehistoric seas, deserts and jungles before the
Great Lakes ever formed
Prehistoric jungles become coal basin under Kent
At the end of the Carboniferous Period, known as the
Pennsylvanian sub-period, Michigan was a semi-
tropical jungle featuring primitive vegetation. Ferns
without bark, some of which bloomed scentless
unattractive flowers, grew to almost 100 feet. Millions
of generations of trees grew and died in the jungle.
The trees that fell in the swampy parts of the jungle
were covered up by water and soil that became rock
over time. The forces of time and pressure on these
trees would eventually see this prehistoric jungle
become the coal basin that sits underneath a large
area of the U.S. including the upper northeast part of
In the sky above one foot long dragon flies swarmed
in droves on the ground and cockroaches the size of
a man’s palm crawled around. Reptiles started to
appear, evolving from amphibians, not dependent on
water to lay their amniotic eggs. Towards the end of
this period the rain forests gave way to deserts which
decreased the amphibian populations and caused an
evolutionary shift in reptiles.
300 million year mystery in Michigan
The next 300 million years is a mystery in Michigan.
The strata layers of the Permian Period through all
three periods of the Mesozoic era are missing from
the rock layers in the state. It is at the beginning of
this time that all the land masses come together into
the supercontinent Pangea.
Dinosaurs started to appear during the first part of the
Mesozoic known as the Triassic period. Where
Michigan was positioned at this time was far inland
from the movement of seas. This did not create the
type of conditions conducive to fossil preservation.
The only fossil record on hand are those created by
spores from ancient plants that lived during the
Jurassic period in the middle of the Mesozoic era. It is
believed that Michigan was an evergreen forest
during this era that would have supported life. There
is no evidence to suggest that dinosaurs or small
mammals did not exist here. The strata layers in other
parts of the world reveal a time of great extinction
about 65 million years ago that is believed by many to
be a large meteor that impacted in the present day
The fallout from this event killed 70 percent of land
vertebrates including several species of plants. This
ushered in the current era known as the Cenozoic
which began a little over sixty million years ago. It is
around the beginning of this time that the continents
move into their current positions. However, the area
that is now called Michigan was part of a great inland
forest of unbroken land devoid of great lakes. The
lack of seas and later glacial stages erased the first
62 million years of this time from the state’s history.
source: Michael Tuffelmire
‘Attawaugen’ is known to native Algonquian speakers in Connecticut as a
sacred hill associated with the arrival of their forefathers on the eastern
shores of North America, following a catastrophic flood that engulfed an
The oral traditions of Upper Michigan’s Menomonie Indians cite a story
of the ‘Attewandeton’ being responsible for committing genocide against
the ‘Marine Men’, identified with Plato’s miners from Atlantis.