Red Haired Mummies of Egypt
red haired mummies  red haired mummies  red haired mummies  red haired mummies   red haired mummies
A well preserved body from
the pre-dynastic period in
Egypt, circa 3,300 BC.
Buried in a sand grave, the
natural dryness of the
surroundings kept the body
preserved. His red hair  
have been so well
preserved that he has been
given the nickname
"Ginger" at the British
Museum where he is kept
on public display.
Right: "Ginger's" head.
Queen Hetop-Heres II, of the
Fourth Dynasty, the daughter of
Cheops, the builder of the great
pyramid, is shown in the colored
bas reliefs of her tomb to have
been a distinct blonde. Her hair
is painted a bright yellow
stippled with little red horizontal
lines, and her skin is white. T
Races of Europe
, Carleton
Stevens Coon, New York City,
Macmillan. 1939, p.98)
Syrian and Hittite Prisoners in the tomb, south wall of the second
court, circa 1325 BC. The Egyptians took care to portray their
enemies as accurately as they could: On the left, a pair of
Indo-European Hittites, and on the right, Semitics from Syria.
The mummy  of Ramses III was so unattractive that he became the model for Boris Karloff's
characterisation in the film 'The Mummy'
Egypt's last display of national vigor came with the red haired Pharaoh Ramses II
Several dates have been given as to his reign. (1292 - 1225 BC). Ramses II
managed to re-establish the already decaying Egyptian Empire by recapturing much
land in Nubia.

He also fought a series of battles against invading Indo-Europeans, the Hittites. This
was culminated with the battle of Kadesh in northern Syria. Ramses signed a treaty
with the Hittites in 1258 BC, which ended the war. In terms of the treaty, Ramses took
as his wife an Indo-European Hittite princess. His other achievements included the
building of the rock-hewn temple of Abu Simbel, the great hall in the Temple of Amon
at Karnak, and the mortuary temple at Thebes.

After this king, Egypt entered into a steady period of decay, caused directly by the
elimination of the original Egyptians, and their replacement with a mixed population
made up of Black, Semitic and the remnant White population. This racially divergent
nation was never again to reach the heights achieved by the First, Second or the first
part of the Third Kingdoms. In these later years there were competing claimants to
the pharaohs throne, many of whom, racially speaking, bore no resemblance to the
original pharaohs at all.

Professor P. F. Ceccaldi, with a research team, studied some hairs from the
mummy's scalp. Ramesses II was thought to be 87 years-old when he died, and his
hair had turned white. Ceccaldi determined that the reddish-yellow color of the hair
was due to a dye with a dilute henna solution. Many Egyptians dyed their hair, and this
personal habit was preserved by the embalmers. However, traces of the hair's
original color remained in the roots. Microscopic examinations showed that the hair
roots contained natural red pigments, and that therefore, during his younger days,
Ramesses II had been a red head. Analysis concluded that these red pigments did
not result from the hair somehow fading, or otherwise being altered after death, but
did represent Ramesses' natural hair color. Ceccaldi also studied the cross-section
of the hairs, and determined from their oval shape, that Ramesses had been
"cymotrich" (wavy-haired). Finally, he stated that such a combination of features
showed that Ramesses had been a "leucoderm" (white-skinned person).
The mummy of the red haired Egyptian King, Ramses II, is on public display at the
Egyptian Museum, Cairo
Forensics tests were done on Ramses, proving that his red hair was 'natural'. Ref:
Ramses the Great by National Geographics.

Also during that time

1290 BC - Much evidence of mass destruction of cities  that would have occurred with
the Israelite invasion of Canaan.
1290 BC -  the Israelites, under the leadership of Moses, left Egypt for "the promised
land" of Canaan in the Exodus
"1290 BC" is significant since 1,290 is the number specifically mentioned in Dan.

Ramses II managed to re-establish the already decaying Egyptian Empire by
recapturing much land in Nubia.
Thutmosis III
As a youth, Thutmose III was given the
title of co-regent to Egypt, with his step
mother, Hatshepsut,  ruling as  Pharoah.  

Sir Isaac Newton was the first to claim
that the Sesostris of Herodotus, whose
conquests were the same as those of
Tuthmoses III, was the Biblical Shishak

It has been recorded that Queen
Hatshepsut of Egypt (Land of Punt - S.
Egypt -Africa) visited Solomon and  "
brought back the seed of Solomon"  She
gave birth to a child, Menelik who later
.was given the position of  chief priest of
the Aten religion of Akhanaton.   It is my
belief that Menelik was Moses

This statue of Thutmosis III was made of
basalt and kept in the Egyptian Museum,
Cairo. Perhaps it has the actual size, it is
about five feet tall - corresponding the
ancient Egyptian average. It has nicely
formed muscular structure,
counterpointed by a face which has a hint
of discord. It is not disturbing, but proves
that the statue is strongly idealized. His
benevolent look and nice smile are
overruled by his strong nose, but his chin
is definitely small. Since the statue had to
resemble, these characters could not be
Egyptian papyrus -- part of the annals of
Thutmose III

Annuals of Life Reported by Thutmosis

"In the year 22 of the 3rd month of winter,
sixth hour of the day... the scribes of the
House of Life found it was a circle of fire
that was coming in the sky... It had no
head, the breath of its mouth had a foul
odor. Its body one rod long and one rod
wide. It had no voice. Their hearts
became confused through it; then they
laid themselves on their bellies... they
went to the Pharaoh... to report it. His
Majesty ordered...
[an examination of] all which is written in
the papyrus rolls of the House of life. His
majesty was meditating upon what
happened. Now after some days had
passed, these things became more
numerous in the skies than ever. They
shone more in the sky than the
brightness of the sun, and extended to
the limits of four supports of the
heavens... Powerful was the position of
the fire circles. The army of the Pharaoh
looked on with him in their midst. It was
after supper. Thereupon, these fire
circles ascended higher in the sky
towards the south... The Pharaoh caused
incense to be brought to make peace on
the hearth... and what happened was
ordered by the Pharaoh to be written in
the annals of the House of life... so that it
be remembered for ever."
Depiction  of Tuthmosis I from his
daughter's Hatshepsut's temple at
Deir el-Bahri

Thutmose is a compound name  
made from Thoth, (the Egyptian God of
Wisdom) and Mose (an Egyptian title
or suffix indicating son of  or rightful
heir) .
(Tuthmosis II)   
The mummy of Tuthmosis II was
found at Deir el-Bahri in a
replacement coffin (the original
owner is unknown) covered in the
remains of his original wrappings.
Tuthmosis II was a frail, rather
weak-looking individual,.X-rays
contend  Tuthmosis II died when
he was around 30.
Were the patriarchs and the Egyptian Pharaohs the Same?
History describes them as a darker race, but in truth they were Caucasian .

In the study of Egyptian Kingdoms things can get quite confusing. For example the reigns of the early New Kingdom pharaohs  Tao II, Kamose, Ahmose, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I and
Thutmose II were not sequential, but overlapped substantially. many names were given to one individual and several nations could claim the pharaoh as their own under another title, ie. King,
Emperor, etc.

Abraham - In Genesis 14, Abraham is given the pseudonym of Shem-eber king of Zeboiim (Memphis). Shemeber is translated as "Illustrious." However, it is also a compound name comprised
of Shem (Sabium) and Eber (Hammurabi). These two ancestors were not only kings, but also masters of the sciences, law and philosophy . Abraham was placed in their company, not only with
respect to wisdom, but also in kingship. Zeboiim, that is Memphis, was the ancient seat of kingship and wisdom in Egypt. (Ref: Living in Truth: Archaeology and the Patriarchs by Charles N.

The Mystery School in the Andes, near Lake Titicaca, Peru,  confirms that King David and his son Solomon lived between five and six hundred years earlier than commonly accept..The Hebrew
sovereigns  were inaccurately placed in 1000 B.C. The correct date is starts during the time of Ahmoses I at 1580 B.C.   Dr.  Immanuel  Velikovsky proved beyond a shadow of a doubt that the
time of King David and the time of Solomon and Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt and the time of Thutmosis III was that of Rehoboam, who was a son of Solomon, and Jeroboam, his rival. Velikovsky
creates a precise timeline by using physical catastrophes, described in the Book of Exodus, and in the Egyptian Papyrus Ipuwer.  You can follow through on this timeline and the catastrophes of
that time in my book   

A people called the Amu (Anu) or Hykos invaded Egypt after a great natural catastrophe, when the river was described as 'turning into blood' and the earth shook. They overran Egypt, enslaved
the Egyptians, destroyed valuable records and works of art - murdered, burned and ruled as Pharoahs.  The Amu or the Hykos of Egypt and the Amalekites of the Hebrews and Arabs were all of
the one and same nation!

On the ruins of the Amalekite-Hyksos empire rose two kingdoms: Judah and Egypt. The inheritance from the destructionof the Hyksos powr was divided between them.  David was made king
over all Israel. And in Egypt and in Egypt , Ahmose I ascended the throne , founding the 18th Dynasty in what Velikovsky dates as 1589 BC

Queen Tiy (Taia,Tyre)
Father was Yuya
Mother Thuya
Mother and wife of Akhenaten
Priestess of the God Amun
AmenhotepIII who was the
father of Aye whom replaced
Tutankhamun after his death)
The most brilliant and famous
of Egypt's queens in 18th
Dynasty Egypt.
Yuya-(Joseph)  Father of Tiry
Biblical Joseph  Egyptian Prime
Minister during 1400 BC.

Working backwards from the time of
Yuya in the Egyptian 18th Dynasty,
the identity of the first Joseph can be
found among the great princes of
the 12th Dynasty. Revealing his  
identity to his kinsmen who had sold
him into slavery, Joseph claimed
that "God had made him 'A father to
Pharaoh'. Throughout the long
history of ancient Egypt, only one
man is known to have been given
the title 'A father to Pharoah' - Yuya, a
vizier of the eighteenth dynasty King
Tuthmosis IV.
Yuya has long intrigued
Egyptologists because he was
buried in the Valley of Kings even
though he was not a member of the
Royal House.

Yuya's blonde hair and Caucasian
facial struture have been well
preserved by the embalming
Thuya, Wife of Yuya.
Equally blonde and caucasian.
She was the great grandmother
of Tutankhamen.
Mother of Tiy
Hatshepsut  (Sheba) and Akhenaten (Solomon)

Hatshepsut - Her long blonde hair and  facial structure has been well preserved by
the embalming process of the time

Hatshepsut, was the daughter of Thutmose's I  and  Half Sister/wife of the Pharaoh
Thutmosis II . She was the step-mother to Thutmose's II son Thutmoses III born from
one of his minor wives.
Sheba means daughter of seven ; measure of fullness. It also is the ancient form of a
Hebrew oath, "swear by the seven," whereby one declared that the thing promised
would be fulfilled.

It has been recorded that Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt (Land of Punt - S. Egypt -Africa)
visited Solomon and  " brought back the seed of Solomon"   She gave birth to a child,
Menelik who later .was given the position of  chief priest of the Aten religion of

After Thutmosis II's death Hatshepsut calls upon Solomon for protection.  He  joins
her and becomes her protector under the name Amenhotep IV which later becomes
Akhenaten AKA Soloman, Amenophis IV,  He was the  son of  Amenhotep III  (King
David)- Mother: Bathsheba

Akhenaten  or Solomon - Son of King David and Bathsheba

He was reported to have been approximately 5'5 with feminine features. He was
described as having a swollen belly with an elongated skull poised on an unusually
long neck.

-A monotheist, militant devotee to the worship of Re-Herakhty, the sun-god whom he
believed manifested  in the form of Aten, the solar disc. His revolutionary religious
doctrine allowed for no competition. Especially offensive to him was the worship of
Amen, chief deity of Thebes and widely celebrated as the king of the gods. So strong
was his animosity that in an act of theological intolerance never before experienced
in that nation's millennia-long history, he dispatched agents throughout the land to
shut down the god's temples and excise the offensive name from walls, tombs,
statues, and inscriptions.

It was said that one day Akhenaten had a vision wherein he saw a sun disc between
two mountains. He believed he was shown the God Aten, as the Sun Disk - the Light.
He felt guided by Aten to make a change and  build a city between the two mountains.
Akhenaten then created a temple (Soloman's Temple) that came to such a great cost
to the kingdom that he sold off entire cities to pay its costs. The population  was
forced to labor in Lebanon to work for Hiram, King of Tyre,  with groups of ten
thousand people being sent for monthly spells. It is from Tyre and this event the word
Tyranny was born.
King Hiram was a personal friend of King David and worked with
Solomon of the building of the temple.
References  ( - Christopher Knight & Robert Lomas,
The Hiram Key: Pharaohs, Freemasons and the Discovery of the Secret Scrolls of Jesus)

* Pharaoh Akhenaten's Hymn to Aten is  the same as Psalm 104 of the Bible.

After the death of Akhenaten, Thutmose III led a revolt against Hatshepsut and
claimed his right to the throne, becoming Pharoah.   Hatshepsut disappears from
history at this time and Moses flees from Egypt. (It is believed by some that
Hatshepsut joined Moses)

Akhenaten and Moses Tie to Scotland

Princess Scota was the daughter of Pharaoh Akhenaten named Meritaten. The name
scota was original written as sceadu which has a lot in common with the Egyptian
word shut, the Shadow. Scota is not the name of the Princess but the name of the
attribute, the “stone of destiny” or the “portal”.

Scota gave birth to a boy named Gaedhael or Gadheal Glas. One day Gaedhael was
bitten by a snake and he went to Moses for relief. Moses prayed to God and touched
the bite with his staff. Miraculously the bite healed and Moses gave Gaedhael his
staff stating God commands and I command that this boy’s descendants will live in a
land free from snakes.

At that time Moses was the principal advisor of Pharaoh Akhenaten
Mary Sutherland
World Famous Author, Researcher and Host of BUFO RADIO
Contact her at:
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248 Carver Street
Winslow, Illinois 61089
815 367 1006
Mary Sutherland is an author and researcher focusing her work on consciousness studies, ancient history and unusual phenomena. She is a "hands on"
researcher and the creator of one of the largest website on the internet with hundreds of pages providing information on the paranormal, UFOs, ancient races
and their cultures, sacred sites and power points of the world, underground tunnels and cave systems, dimensional worlds , metaphysics, etc. The governor
of Kentucky commissioned her as a ‘Kentucky Colonel” for her work on the ancient sites of Kentucky. For the last 5 years, she has been exploring, mapping
and documenting the ancient underwater structures of Rock Lake – near Aztalan. For the last fourteen years she has been documenting the ancient sites
around Burlington, WI. Truth is her passion. She believes it is through truth that we will break ourselves free of our present entanglements in life. When we
become free, we will create our own ‘personal story’ of the ‘hero’s journey’ suggested by Joseph Campbell. “There are rare persons in this world who see
things others don’t; persons who connect the dots of existence and possess an instinctive talent for linking with kindred souls to reveal otherwise invisible
patterns and excavate hidden truths. Such a person is Mary Sutherland. She is a natural-born networker in all she does --- from her Burlington Vortex
Conferences and Sci’Fi Café to her public talks and published books. Nowhere, however, is her gift for perception more developed than in her latest title.“
Frank Joseph - Editor-in-Chief Ancient American Magazine
The rule of Osiris and Isis. " The Mighty Osiris and Isis walked into the Egyptian Valley out of nowhere and assumed command.' They were taller and more imposing than the men of the time, with long
blond hair, marble-like white skin and remarkable powers that enabled them to perform miracles"  
According to
The myths and legends ranging from Greece to India and South America . Notes, articles and photos compiled by Mary Sutherland
Yuya (Joseph) Title: A Father to the
Pharoah - Under Thutmosis IV
Menkheperure - (Tuthmosis IV)
one of the sons of the Egyptian
Pharaoh Amenophis II -

Famed for his discovery and digging
out of the sands, the Sphinx revealing
the God in its true magnificence

The biblical Old Testament also
describes Thuthmosis IV battle with
King David in the Valley of the GIANTS

"Soon Thutmose IV sent out a large
force to fight against king David in the
valley of the Giants.
This was made up
from the armies of the alliance and
troops from Egypt as well. However,
David's army caught them by surprise
and defeated Thutmose IV's force and
drove them all the way back to Egypt's
boundary south of Gaza.

According to legend,  Thutmose IV  
was  hunting near a plateau some ten
miles from Cairo. Tired from his
endeavours, the Prince  rested in the
shadow of a mysterious head
protruding from the desert sands.  He
fell asleep and, in a dream, heard the
carved stone head whispering to him
that one day he would become ruler of
all Egypt ahead of his older brothers.
The prince was also told that he would
then free the body of the forgotten god
from the desert sands where it had lain
buried for centuries. Awoke refreshed
and, recalling the dream, he  silently
committed himself to clearing away the
sands, intrigued that as a younger son,
he could possibly become Pharaoh. He
then left to continue his hunting.
On the death of his father the prophecy
came true, with the former hunter
ascending the throne as Pharaoh
Tuthmosis IV.
Shortly afterwards the Pharaoh, who
was only to reign for eight years
(1413-1405 BCE), honoured the pledge
made as a younger man and cleared
the area around the Sphinx revealing
the God in its true magnificence.
Nineteenth Dynasty

Tuthmosis IV was x-rayed  in the
1970s, evaluating his age at around 35
years old. This accords well with the
historical record, indicating that
Tuthmosis IV must have been around
40-46 when he died
Ramesses I was the
founder of the 19th Dynasty
A vizier under the last king
of the 18th Dynasty,
Horemheb, Ramesses I
appears to have come to
the throne as an
appointment of his
predecessor, who seems
to have produced no heir.

The time of departure of the
Hebrews from Egypt would
have been during the  reign
of Ramses I, the first king .
Pharoah THUTMOSE III.. Egyptian ancient writings show: "One winter
morning around the year 1,482 B.C. Thutmose III first saw a 'UFO'....
Described as; " a CIRCLE of FIRE", emitted no sound, it had no voice',
according to inscriptions. After some days had passed, these things
became more numerous in the skies than ever. "Were extremely bright or
more...than the brightness of the sun, and were relatively small about 16' in
diamater. Thutmose III was taken aboard and flew up to the sky and learned
the secrets of Heaven

".....among the papers of the late Professor Alberto Tulli, former Director of
the Egyptian section of the Vatican Museum. It is a fragment from the Royal
Annals of Thuthmosis III (circa 1504-1450 B.C.) and when translated reads
as follows:

" 'In the year 22 third month of winter, sixth hour of the day...the scribes of the
House of Life found it was a circle of fire that was coming in the sky
(Though) it had no head, the breadth of its mouth (had) a foul odour. It's
body one rod long (about 150 feet) and one rod large, It had no voice...Now,
after some days had passed over these things, Lo! they were more
numerous than anything. They were shining in the sky more than the sun to
the limits of...heaven...Powerful was the position of the fire circles. The army
of the king looked on and His Majesty was in the midst of it. It was after
supper. Thereupon, they (the fire circles) went up higher directed towards
the South.'
Egypt, The Palace of Pharaoh Thutmosis III.  Circles of fire are said to have
hovered over the palace while fishes, winged creatures, and other objects
rained down from the sky.

Click the Here to read more on the Pharaohs and UFOs
4000 BC  - According to the Sumerian
Texts, from today's Iraq,  The
extraterrestrials also interbred with
humans and traveled with them to the
stars. The kings were taken to the stars
by the extraterrestrials. Sumerian text
coincides with "the book of Genesis".
Their astronomy was highly developed.
They had numbers with 15 digits! The
Sumerians say extraterrestrials are from
Mars, the star system Pleiades, and the
star Sirius. Sumerian text shows
drawings of solar system
Horemheb's parentage is unknown, but has been of non-royal blood and the son of a
cheesemaker.  General Horemheb was head of the Egyptian armies, but there was no
love lost between him and Akhenaten. As a matter of fact, he hated the Pharoah and it
was he that restored the the old worship of Amun,  branded Akhenaten a heretic and
names were changed from 'aten'
back  to 'amun' . attempted to destroy all  trace of him.  
As last king of the 18th Dynasty, attemped to write the entire Amarna Period out of
Egyptian History.  Horemheb systematically destroyed all public evidence of the
heretic's existence. Workers chiseled out Akhenaten' s  identifying hieroglyphs wherever
they were found. They demolished his newly built capital city and quarried the stones for
new building projects in other parts of the country. They even omitted his name from the
Akhenaten become a nonperson, with the nation doing all it could to forget he
ever  lived.

After the death of Horemheb,  Moses  returned to Egypt and attempted a military coup,
the purpose of which was to restore the Aten cult to the throne. His allies included the
persecuted remnant of Akhenaten's following, large numbers of badly treated sick and
diseased Egyptians, assorted opponents of Ramesses I, and an army belonging to the
Canaanite kingdom of Shechem, whose rulers were openly hostile to Egypt's demands
for submission.

Moses' actions brought the nation to the brink of civil war. The confrontation ended with
a negotiated truce that guaranteed the insurgent army safe passage out of the country.
This negotiated truce and safe passage out of Egypt was biblically referred to as the

Seti was the son of the great Ramses I, who  became pharaoh in 1320 BC.
Seti I  reoccupied lands in Syria lost to earlier Syrian invasions, conquered Palestine and
conducted campaigns against the Semitic Libyans and the Indo-European Hittites
Seti , the son of   Ramses I  became Pharoah re-occuping the lands in  Syria lost to
earlier Syrian invasions, conquered Palestine and conducted campaigns against the
Semitic Libyans and the Indo-European Hittites.
The mummy of Pharaoh Seti I  (Sethos I) is the most lifelike of the great pharaohs of
Egypt, and a tribute to the embalmer's art. His caucasian features remain crystal clear
and because of the excellent preservation process, Seti's mummy can easily be
compared with a relief of his face made in his lifetime at the Temple at Abydos. Seti was
the son of  Ramses I.
Ancient Egyptians used helicopters and airplanes for battles?
In 1848, one of numerous archeological expeditions working in Egypt
discovered strange hieroglyphs at the height of about ten meters right above
the entrance to the Seti Temple in Abydos. The walls were  covered with the
strange signs that greatly puzzled researchers. The only thing the
researchers realized at once was that they had discovered some images of
strange mechanisms that nobody ever saw before.
The  Arab newspaper Al-Sharq Al-Awsat published several sensational
photos taken in the Amon Ra Temple in Karnak. The photos the newspaper
published demonstrated the bas-reliefs of an ancient temple built under Seti
I who ruled 3,000 years ago; and on the bas-reliefs an ancient artist
engraved a battle helicopter with a distinct rotor and a tail unit. Nearby, the
artist depicted several other aircrafts astonishingly resembling contemporary
supersonic fighters and heavy strategic bombers!
Two almost identical sets of drawings were found at Karnak and Abydos. In
Abydos, a submarine was engraved on the walls of the temple, along with a
battle helicopter.
The ancient Egyptians had a tradition of repeating the same name of their Pharoahs in different dynasties. Thus a father, son and grandson would have the same name but with first , second or third after it.
The name TUTHMOSIS was given to four pharaohs in the 18th dynasty. This dynasty was a strong one, a dynasty which also included Queen Hatshepsut, one of the most powerful queens on Egypt.
Ahmose I -The first king of
the 18th Dynasty, Ah-mose
Had Not Been Circumcised
Different process of
IOriginally buried near the
burials of his 17'th Dynasty
Married full sister
was the daughter of
Ahottpe I and
Seqnenre-Taa II.
Her title
was "God's Wife of Amun"
Along with her son,
Amenhotep I
, she was
worshiped as a patron of
the tomb-builders at Deir
el-Medina many years after
her death.
Married full brother
-2nd King
Father -Ahmose(?)
Mother- Queen Ahmose Nefertary-  His mother  
played an important part in his reign, acting as
God's Wife of Amun..

Amenhotep I may have been married to his
sister, (Ahmose-) Merytamun, who was a God's
Wife of Amun.
Rising Star -Sirius
A heliacal rising of Sirius was seen during his
reign, as recorded by the Papyrus Ebers1,
which states:

Ninth year of the reign of his majesty the king
of Upper and Lower Egypt, Djeserkare - may he
live forever! Festival of the New Year: third
month of summer, ninth day - rising of Sirius"
giving the date of 1517 BC for the astronomical
event and 1526 BC for the coronation of
Amenophis I"
Amenhotep was this kings birth name, which
means "Amun is Pleased". He is also known
as Amenhotpe I, and Amenophis I by the early
Greeks. His throne name was Djeser-ka-re, or
"Holy is the Soul of Re". His Horus name was
Ka-Waf-Taw (Bull who conquers the land) and
his "Two Ladies" name was Aa-nerw (He who
inspires great terror).
Best known for his building of the Temple of
Karnak in Thebes
He also  restored the mines at Serabit
el-Khadim in the Sinai where he also expanded
the Middle Kingdom temple of Hathor.
Established cult of Amun at Karnak
Title : God's Wife of Amun
Then the majesty of this
god said: "I am her
protector. A challenge to
her shall not occur forever
by any king who shall arise
in the following of future
generations. But only the
god's wife Nefertary.
It belongs to her from son
to son forever and ever in
accordance with her office
of god's wife. There is not
one who shall say, 'Except
for me.
Amun - Amen by Micha F.
A primordial Egyptian god,
whose name means "the
hidden one". As the driving
force of the invisible breeze
he was originally a god of
wind and ruler of the air.
During the 11th dynasty
(2133 - 2000 BCE) he
became the powerful
sun-god of Thebes, where he
was worshipped as
Amun-Re. Later he was
made the supreme god of
the entire realm and king of
the gods.

  • The mummy of the wife of King Tutankhamen has auburn hair.

  • A mummy with red hair, red mustache and red beard was found
     by the pyramids at Saqqara.

  • Red-haired mummies were found in the crocodile-caverns of Aboufaida.

  • The book HISTORY OF EGYPTIAN MUMMIES mentions a mummy with reddish-brown hair.

  • The mummies of Rameses II  and Prince Yuaa  have fine silky yellow hair.

  • The mummy of another pharaoh, Thothmes II, has light chestnut-colored hair.

  • An article in a leading British anthropological journal states that many mummies have dark reddish-brownhair.  Professor Vacher De Lapouge described a blond mummy found
    at Al Amrah, which he says has the face and skull measurements of a typical Gaul or Saxon.

  • A blond mummy was found at Kawamil along with many chestnut-colored ones.

  • Chestnut-haired mummies have been found at Silsileh.

  • The mummy of Queen Tiy has "wavy brown hair."

  • Unfortunately, only the mummies of a very few pharaohs have survived to the 20th century, but a large proportion of these are blond.

  • The Egyptians have left us many paintings and statues of blondes and redheads. Amenhotep III's tomb painting shows him as having light red hair.  Also, his features are quite

  • A farm scene from around 2000 B.C. in the tomb of the nobleman Meketre shows redheads.

  • An Egyptian scribe named Kay at Sakkarah around 2500 B.C. has blue eyes.

  • The tomb of Menna (18th Dynasty) at West Thebes shows blond girls.
  • The god Horus is usually depicted as white. He is very white in the Papyrus Book of the Dead of Lady Cheritwebeshet (21st Dynasty), found in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

  • A very striking painting of a yellow-haired man hunting from a chariot can be found in the tomb of Userhet, Royal Scribe of Amenophis II.  The yellow-haired man is Userhet. The
    same tomb has paintings of blond soldiers. The tomb of Menna also has a wall painting showing a blond man supervising two dark-haired workers scooping grain.

  • The Funerary stele (inscribed stone slab)of Priest Remi clearly shows him as having red hair,

  • The eye of Horus, the so-called Wedjat Eye. is always blue.

  • A very attractive painting is found on the wall of a private tomb in West Thebes from the 18th Dynasty. The two deceased parents are white people with black hair. Mourning them
    are two pretty fair-skinned girls with light blond hair and their red-haired older brother.

  • Queen Thi is painted as having a rosy complexion, blue eyes and blond hair.  She was co-ruler with her husband Amenhotep III and it has been said of their rule. "The reign of
    Amenhotep III was the culminating point in Egyptian history, for never again, in spite of the exalted effort of the Ramessides, did Egypt occupy so exalted a place among the
    nations of the world as she had in his time."

  • Amenhotep III looks northern European in his statues.

  • Paintings of people with red hair and blue eyes were found at the tomb of Bagt in Beni Hassan. Many other tombs at Beni Hassan have paintings of individuals with blond and
    red hair as well as blue eyes.

  • Paintings of blonds and redheads have been found among the tombs at Thebes.

  • Blond hair and blue eyes were painted at the tomb of Pharaoh Menphtah in the valley of the Kings.

  • Paintings from the Third Dynasty show native Egyptians with red hair and blue eyes. They are shepherds, workers and bricklayers.

  • A blond woman was painted at the tomb of Djeser-ka-ra-seneb in Thebes.

  • A model of a ship from about 2500 B.C. is manned by five blond sailors.

  • The god Nuit was painted as white and blond.

  • A painting at the tomb of Meresankh III at Giza, from about 2485 B.C., shows white skin and red hair.

  • Two statues from about 2570 B.C., found in the tombs at Medum, show Prince Rahotep and his wife Nofret. He has light green stones for eyes. She has violet-blue stones.

  • A painting from Iteti's tomb at Saqqara shows a very Nordic-looking man with blond hair.

  • Grafton Smith mentions the distinctly red hair of the 18th Dynasty mummy Henutmehet.

  • Harvard Professor Carleton Coon, in his book THE RACES OF EUROPE, tells us that "many of the officials, courtiers, and priests, representing the upper class of Egyptian
    society but not the royalty, looked strikingly like modern Europeans, especially long-headed ones." (Note: Nordics are long-headed.)  Long-headed Europeans are most
    common in Britain, Scandinavia, the Netherlands, and northern Germany.

  • Time-Life books put out a volume called RAMESES II THE GREAT. It has a good picture of the blond mummy of Rameses II. Another picture can be found in the book X-RAYING
    THE PHARAOHS, especially the picture on the jacket cover. It shows his yellow hair.

  • A book called CHRONICLE OF THE PHARAOHS was recently published showing paintings, sculptures and mummies of 189 pharaohs and leading personalities of Ancient
    Egypt. Of these, 102 appear European, 13 look Black, and the rest are hard to classify. All nine mummies look like our Europeans.

  • The very first pharaoh, Narmer, also known as Menes, looks very Caucasion

  • The same can be said for Khufu's cousin  Hemon, who designed the Great Pyramid of Giza, with help from Imhotep. A computer-generated reconstruction of the face of the
    Sphinx shows a European-looking face. It was once painted sunburned red.  The Egyptians often painted
 upper class men as red and upper class women as white; this is because the men became sun-burned or tanned while
  outside under the burning Egyptian sun. The women, however, usually stayed inside.

  • In 1902, E. A. Wallis Budge, the renowned Egyptologist, described the pre-dynastic Egyptians thus:

  • "The predynastic Egyptians, that is to say, that stratum of them which was indigenous to North Africa, belonged to a white or light-skinned race with fair hair, who in many
    particulars resembled the Libyans, who in later historical times lived very near the western bank of the Nile." [E. A. W. Budge, Egypt in the Neolithic and Archaic Periods (London:
    Kegan Paul, Trench & Trübner, 1902), p. 49.]

  • Later, in the same book, Budge referred to a pre-dynastic statuette that: "has eyes inlaid with lapis-lazuli, by which we are probably intended to understand that the woman here
    represented had blue eyes." [Ibid., p. 51.]

  • In 1925, the Oxford don L. H. Dudley Buxton, wrote the following concerning ancient Egyptian crania:

  • "Among the ancient crania from the Thebaid in the collection in the Department of Human Anatomy in Oxford, there are specimens which must unhesitatingly be considered to
    be those of Nordic type. [L. H. D. Buxton, The Peoples of Asia (London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Trübner, 1925), p. 50.]

  • The Scottish physical anthropologist Robert Gayre has written, that in his considered opinion:

  • "Ancient Egypt, for instance, was essentially a penetration of Caucasoid racial elements into Africa . . . This civilisation grew out of the settlement of Mediterraneans, Armenoids,
    even Nordics, and Atlantics in North Africa . . ." [R. Gayre of Gayre, Miscellaneous Racial Studies, 1943-1972 (Edinburgh: Armorial, 1972), p. 85.]

  • When English archaeologist Howard Carter excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen in 1922, he discovered in the Treasury a small wooden sarcophagus. Within it lay a memento
    of Tutankhamen's beloved grandmother, Queen Tiye: "a curl of her auburn hair." [C. Desroches-Noblecourt, Tutankhamen: Life and Death of a Pharaoh (Harmondsworth:
    Penguin Books, 1972), p. 65.]  (See mummy picture)

  • Queen Tiye (18th Dynasty), was the daughter of Thuya, a Priestess of the God Amun. Thuya's mummy, which was found in 1905, has long, red-blonde hair. Examinations of
    Tiye's mummy proved that she bore a striking resemblance to her mother. [B. Adams, Egyptian Mummies (Aylesbury: Shire Publications, 1988), p. 39.]  (See mummy picture)

  • A painting of the mother of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (18th Dynasty), reveals that she had blonde hair, blue eyes and a rosy complexion. [W. Sieglin, Die blonden Haare der
    indogermanischen Völker des Altertums (Munich: J. F. Lehmanns Verlag, 1935), p. 132.]

  • Princess Ranofri, a daughter of Pharaoh Tuthmosis III (18th Dynasty), is depicted as a blonde in a wall painting that was recorded in the 19th century, by the Italian Egyptologist
    Ippolito Rosellini. [Ibid., p. 132.]

  • In 1929 archaeologists discovered the mummy of fifty year-old Queen Meryet-Amun (another daughter of Tuthmosis III); the mummy has wavy, light-brown hair. [R. B. Partridge,
    Faces of Pharaohs (London: Rubicon Press, 1994), p. 91.]

  • American Egyptologist Donald P. Ryan excavated tomb KV 60, in the Valley of the Kings, during the course of 1989. Inside, he found the mummy of a royal female, which he
    believes to be the long-lost remains of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty). Ryan describes the mummy as follows:

  • "The mummy was mostly unwrapped and on its back. Strands of reddish-blond hair lay on the floor beneath the bald head." [Ibid., p. 87.]

  • Manetho, a Graeco-Egyptian priest who flourished in the 3rd century BC, wrote in his Egyptian History, that the last ruler of the 6th Dynasty was a woman by the name of Queen
    Nitocris. He has this to say about her:

  • "There was a queen Nitocris, braver than all the men of her time, the most beautiful of all the women, blonde-haired with rosy cheeks. By her, it is said, the third pyramid was
    reared, with the aspect of a mountain." [W. G. Waddell, Manetho (London: William Heinemann, 1980), p. 57.]

  • According to the Graeco-Roman authors Pliny the Elder, Strabo and Diodorus Siculus, the Third Pyramid was built by a woman named Rhodopis. When translated from the
    original Greek, her name means "rosy-cheeked". [G. A. Wainwright, The Sky-Religion in Egypt (Cambridge: University Press, 1938), p. 42.]

  • We may also note that a tomb painting recorded by the German Egyptologist C. R. Lepsius in the 1840s, depicts a blonde woman by the name of Hetepheres (circa 5th
    Dynasty). The German scholar Alexander Scharff, observed that she was described as being a Priestess of the Goddess Neith, a deity who was sacred to the blond-haired
    Libyans of the Delta region. He goes on to state that her name is precisely the same as that of Queen Hetepheres II, who is also shown as fair-haired, in a painting on the wall
    of Queen Meresankh III's tomb. He deduced from all of this, that the two women may well have been related, and he suggested that Egypt during the Age of the Pyramids, was
    dominated by an elite of blonde women. [A. Scharff, "Ein Beitrag zur Chronologie der 4. ägyptischen Dynastie." Orientalistische Literaturzeitung XXXI (1928) pp. 73-81.]

  • The twentieth prayer of the 141st chapter of the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead, is dedicated "to the Goddess greatly beloved, with red hair." [E. A. W. Budge, The Book of the
    Dead (London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Trübner, 1901), p. 430.] In the tomb of Pharaoh Merenptah (19th Dynasty), there are depictions of red-haired goddesses. [N. Reeves &
    R. H. Wilkinson, The Complete Valley of the Kings (London: Thames & Hudson, 1997), p. 149.]

  • In the Book of the Dead, the eyes of the god Horus are described as "shining," or "brilliant," whilst another passage refers more explicitly to "Horus of the blue eyes". [Budge, op.
    cit., pp. 421 & 602.] The rubric to the 140th chapter of said book, states that the amulet known as the "Eye of Horus," (used to ward-off the "Evil Eye"), must always be made from
    lapis-lazuli, a mineral which is blue in colour. [Ibid., p. 427.] It should be noted that the Goddess Wadjet, who symbolised the Divine Eye of Horus, was represented by a snake
    (a hooded cobra to be precise), and her name, when translated from the original Egyptian, means "blue-green". [A. F. Alford, The Phoenix Solution (London: Hodder &
    Stoughton, 1998), pp. 266-268.] Interestingly, the ancient Scandanavians claimed that anyone who was blue-eyed (and therefore possessed the power of the Evil Eye), had "a
    snake in the eye," and blue eyes were frequently compared to the eyes of a serpent. [F. B. Gummere, Germanic Origins (London: David Nutt, 1892), pp. 58, 62.]

  • In the ancient Pyramid Texts, the Gods are said to have blue and green eyes. [Alford, op. cit., p. 232.] The Graeco-Roman author Diodorus Siculus (I, 12), says that the Egyptians
    thought the goddess Neith had blue eyes. [C. H. Oldfather, Diodorus of Sicily (London: William Heinemann, 1968), p. 45.]

  • A text from the mammisi of Isis at Denderah, declares that the goddess was given birth to in the form of a "ruddy woman". [J. G. Griffiths, De Iside et Osiride (Cardiff: University of
    Wales Press, 1970), p. 451.] Finally, the Greek author Plutarch, in the 22nd chapter of his De Iside et Osiride, states that the Egyptians thought Horus to be fair-skinned, and the
    god Seth to be of a ruddy complexion. [Ibid., p. 151.]
2000 -1500 BC
During these dates, Noah was reported to have died at the age of
950 years; Abraham was born during this era; great famine of Egypt
Abraham's first son, Ishmael, was born who became the father of the
Arab nation. This was also the time of the destructionof Sodom and
The first immigration into Greece by Inachus began.
Jacob's twelve sons were born during this era, who became the
'twelve tribes' of Israel with Joseph
going on to become governor of Egypt.
Ahmoses became Pharoah of Egypt, who expelled the Hyksos and
restore the temples.
Krishna flourished about this time in India

1500-1000 BC
Thothmes I became Pharoah of Egypt -
Moses was born and adopted into the Egyptian royal family; Troy,
Athens and Thebes were founded
during the days of Moses and the institution of the Aeropagus was
founded in Greece.
Helen came to power in Greece and the twelve tribes of Israel
reached the Promised Lane.

The theocracy of Israelites ended and the Jewish Monarchy began,
with Saul (son of Kish from the tribe of Benjamin) became
the first king of Israel . Once the 'elders' died, the Hebrew nation
began to abandon the theocracy and soon
judges were established in their place. Othnel was the first Jewish