All Photos Copyright @2005 Mary Sutherland
What is Plasma?
Plasma physics is concerned with the studies of hot, diffuse gases, where the electrons are
dissociated from the atomic nuclei. These plasmas can range in temperature from several thousands
to several hundred millions of degrees. Lightning is a natural example of a plasma. A neon light is a
Broadly speaking, plasma physics research can be divided into two branches. One is concerned with
understanding natural plasma phenomena. Despite their rarity on Earth, over 99% of the universe is
in the plasma state. Earth, with it's high density and low temperature (astrophysically speaking) is an
anomaly! Stars, including our Sun, are big balls of hot, dense plasma. Interstellar space is filled with a
dilute, relatively cold plasma. Supernova are the plasma remnants of exploded stars. Closer to home,
lightning, flames and the aurora are examples of naturally occurring plasmas.
The other branch of plasma physics focuses on creating and understanding plasmas for more
practical application. Neon and fluorescent lights, lasers, and welding torches are examples of useful
man-made plasmas. One of the more far-reaching applications is to use plasmas to create energy.
This is the goal of fusion energy research.
Plasma is the fourth state of matter. Like the other states of matter: solid, liquid and gaseous, it has
Just as most substances become solid if cooled sufficiently, any substance will become a plasma if
In a plasma the electrons are stripped from the atoms, creating a substance that resembles a gas but
that conducts electricity.
Over 99% of the universe exists in the plasma state. The stars, in particular, are giant balls of
plasma. The earth is an unusual place where matter exists in the other three forms.
Plasmas occur naturally on the earth in flames, electrical discharges, lightning bolts, the upper
atmosphere (ionosphere), and the aurora borealis (northern lights).
Plasma is the fourth state of matter. In simplified terms, plasma is a gas that can conduct electricity.
In ancient text it is referred to as 'Aether'
Every time we witness a bolt of lightning or gaze in awe at \ the Aurora Borealis, we are observing
plasma on Earth.
Plasma can also be formed when an exterior source of energy, like an electromagnetic field, is so
strong that it tears electrons free from originally neutral atoms. The conversion of a neutral gas into
a plasma can occur extremely quickly. (The Pervasive Plasma State).
Plasmas represent a fundamental field of study with many astrophysical and terrestrial applications.
One important application is the potential use of plasma to produce electricity from controlled nuclear
In order to create a plasma, a gas must be heated to very high temperatures. An example of a
household plasma is a fluorescent light bulb. Electric current is used to strip the atoms of the gas
inside the tube of some of their electrons and to heat the plasma. The resulting temperature of the
plasma inside approaches 10,000 C. Yet, when you touch the bulb it feels relatively cool. This is
because there is relatively little gas inside the fluorescent bulb, so it has a low heat capacity, despite
its high temperature. As an example, consider a pot of boiling water. The water and the steam are
both at temperatures of about 100 C. Yet you can put your hand in the steam safely, whereas you
wouldnÂ¹t even consider plunging your hand into the water. The steam is much less dense than the
water, and has a lower heat capacity
Dusty Plasma Imaging ..
One of the most appealing aspects of dusty plasma research is that because of the relatively large
size of the dust grains (as compared to the ions and electrons in the plasma), many of the
phenomena in dusty plasma are both macroscopic (visible to the naked eye) AND have slow time
evolution (~ up to several tens of seconds).
This allows many dusty plasma phenomena - including features like waves and vortices - to be
|Giant balls of plasma - non star - orb
The blue glow is from Orgone plasma.
Photographed by Mary Sutherland in the Sky above N. Pine Street in Burlington WI
|Plasma can also be formed when an exterior source of energy, like an electromagnetic field, is so
strong that it tears electrons free from originally neutral atoms. Photographed by Mary Sutherland on N.
Pine street in Burlington Wisconsin
Mary Sutherland is the author of the following books
- Living in the Light: Believe in the Magic
- Mysteries: Exploring the Mysteries of Burlington and Southeastern Wisconsin
- Revelations: Truths Revealed
- In Search of Ancient Man: Lost in Time
- The Red Haired Giants
- Haunted Burlington Wisconsin
Check Out Books Written by Mary Sutherland She is also the creator of
BURLINGTON NEWS one of the largest and most popular websites on the world
|Exploring the Unknown
|Mary Sutherland is an author and researcher focusing her work
on consciousness studies, ancient history and unusual
phenomena. She is a "hands on" researcher and the creator of
one of the largest website on the internet with hundreds of
pages providing information on the paranormal, UFOs, ancient
races and their cultures, sacred sites and power points of the
world, underground tunnels and cave systems, dimensional
worlds , metaphysics, etc. The governor of Kentucky
commissioned her as a ‘Kentucky Colonel” for her work on the
ancient sites of Kentucky. For the last 5 years, she has been
exploring, mapping and documenting the ancient underwater
structures of Rock Lake – near Aztalan. For the last fourteen
years she has been documenting the ancient sites around
Burlington, WI. Truth is her passion. She believes it is through
truth that we will break ourselves free of our present
entanglements in life. When we become free, we will create our
own ‘personal story’ of the ‘hero’s journey’ suggested by Joseph
|CONTACT US TODAY
Brad and Mary Sutherland
248 Carver Street
Winslow, Illinois 61089
815 367 1006
“There are rare persons in this world who see things others
don’t; persons who connect the dots of existence and
possess an instinctive talent for linking with kindred souls to
reveal otherwise invisible patterns and excavate hidden
truths. Such a person is Mary Sutherland. She is a natural-
born networker in all she does --- from her Burlington
Vortex Conferences and Sci’Fi Café to her public talks and
published books. Nowhere, however, is her gift for
perception more developed than in her latest title.“ Frank
Joseph was nominated by Japan's Savant Society as
Professor of World Archaeology. He was editor-in-chief of
Ancient American Magazine from 1993 to 2007 and has
traveled the world collecting research materials for his
twenty-seven published books.
"Mary Sutherland is not simply a reporter of all these phenomena;
she lives them! As readers expect, her studies extend beyond her
own experiences. The author and investigator often takes visitors
on tours containing an inter-dimensional vortex and hosts yearly
conferences and meet ups with many well known speakers on
What differentiates her book. Haunted Burlington Wisconsin , is that
Sutherland includes her explanations of the unknown realms and
phenomena with tips for heightening the reader's own psychic
awareness. Readers who complete this dizzying journey may find
they can no longer look at Burlington in exactly the same way.
Perhaps, then, this book itself may be considered a vortex. and
whether or not it actually transports you to another place, it will
certainly draw you in."
Linda Godfrey , award winning author on strange creatures, people
and places. She has been featured guest on dozens of nation TV
and radio shows, including Monsterquest, Sean Hannity's America,
Lost Tapes, Inside Edition, Sy-fy's Haunted Highway, Monsters and
Mysteries, Coast to Coast...and the list goes on!
Plasma is the fourth state of matter. In simplified terms,
plasma is a gas that can conduct electricity. In ancient
text it is referred to as 'Aether'
Every time we witness a bolt of lightning or gaze in awe
at the Aurora Borealis, we are observing plasma on
Plasma can also be formed when an exterior source of
energy, like an electromagnetic field, is so strong that it
tears electrons free from originally neutral atoms. The
conversion of a neutral gas into a plasma can occur
extremely quickly. (The Pervasive Plasma State).