The Toltecs - Mound Builders
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After reading the following
pages on this Amazing Race
of Mound Builders-   your life
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Mary Sutherland
Toltecs and Huehue Tlapallan
Mound Builders of the Mississippi and Ohio Valley
The Migration of People from the Tower of Babel ... And more , including more on Aztalan

Mary Sutherland 2018
From her books Red Haired Giants, Lost in Time and Lost in Time Revisited

Native-born Mexican scholar, historian and Catholic priest, Fernado de Alva Ixtlilxochitl (1578-1650) documents that the first Israelites came from the division of Babel to
this land. They came from the great tower at the time of the confusion of languages, wandered for 104 years before they settled at “Huehue Tlapallan”, which became their
capital city and means “Ancient Place of the Red”. Their king traveled with them crossing a large part of the world before arriving in this land. Calling themselves
Chichimecas, after their first king, they claimed to have descended from the same forefathers and came from the Occidental areas.

The Mayan god Kukulcan was a mortal that was given ‘godhood’. Originating from Toltec mythology, he was the divine hero who taught the Toltec the laws, fishing, healing,
the calendar, and agriculture. He emerged from the “ocean”, and disappeared in it afterwards. His name means "the feathered serpent". The Aztecs merged Kukulcan with
their Quetzalcoatl. In 1554, in the ancient Guatemalan town of Totonicapan, the native nobles wrote a document called Titulo de Totonicapan which documented that the
chiefs and leaders of the three great peoples and of others who joined them, called “U Mamae” (the ancients) came from the other part of the sea and were descendants of
Israel, sons of Abraham and Jacob and of the same language and customs.  When they left, the great father Nacxit gave them a present called Giron-Gagal.  When they
arrived at the edge of the sea, the first leader Balam-Quitze touched the ‘sacred director’ with his staff and at once a passage opened and then closed up again. (The
Book of Mormon also refers to this ‘Sacred Director’, in Alma 38:38. It reads as follows: “And now, my son, I have somewhat to say concerning the thing which our fathers
call ‘a ball or director’ - our fathers called it Liahona.”

      Ixtlilxochitl tells of a ‘second’ migration of people called the Xicalancas who came in ships or boats from the east to the land of Potochan (now Veracruz) and from there
they began to populate the land. Upon arrival they soon found some of the giants who had escaped the previous catastrophes.  Because of their size and strength, they
were looked upon as a threat to the second migration of people. To free themselves of the giants, the new settlers invited them to a solemn feast. After the giants became
full and intoxicated, they were killed and destroyed with their own weapons. (The Book of Mormon speaks also on this ‘second’ migration of people, but instead of calling
them Xicalancas, they were called the Mulekites. Mulek, from the Tribe of Judah, brought his people here to Mesoamerica by ship.)

      In Ixtilxochitl’s writings, he again tells us of a ‘third and final’ migration of people to Mexico. These were the Toltecas.  They were described as a bearded white race,
‘tall in stature’, who came from the east on ships. (The Book of Mormon claims these people to have come from the House of Israel, originally living in Jerusalem and were
the descendents of the Tribe of Joseph.  Lehi and his colony left Jersusalem about 600 B.C. and after much wandering in the wilderness they were directed by God to build
a ship and cross the waters to the new ‘promised land’.  The Book of Mormon calls them Nephites and later a splinter branch became known as the Lamanites.)

Researcher and writer Brasseur de Bourbourg believes that the first home of the Toltecs was in North America. They called the land “HUEHUE-TLAPALAN” , the country of
the Mound-Builders in the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys. According to the native books he has examined, it was somewhere at a distance in the northeast; and it is
constantly said that some of the Toltecs came by land and some by sea.
Spanish historian, Sahagun learned from the old books and traditions, and stated in the introduction to the first book of his history, that the Toltecs came from that distant
northeastern country; and he mentions a company that came by sea, settled near the Tampico River and built a town called Panuco. Brasseur de Bourbourg finds that an
account of this or another company was preserved at Xilanco, an ancient city situated on the point of an island between Lake Terminos and the sea, famous for its
commerce, wealth and intelligence. The company described in this account came from the northeast in the same way described by Sahagun - to the Tampico River and
landed at Panuco. The company consisted of twenty chiefs and a numerous company of people. Torquemada found a record which describes them as people of fine
appearance. They went forward into the country and were well received. He says they were industrious, orderly and intelligent and that they worked metals and was skillful
artists and lapidaries. All the accounts say the Toltecs came at different times, by land and sea, mostly in small companies and always from the northeast. These various
accounts can only be explained by supposing they came by sea from the mouth of the Mississippi River or from the Gulf coast near it and by land through Texas. But the
country from which they came was invariably HUEHUE-TLAPALAN.

Cabrera says HUEUHUE-TLAPALAN was the ancient country of the Toltecs. Its simple name was TLAPALAN, but they called it HUEHUE, old; to distinguish it from three
other TLAPALANS which they founded in the districts of their new kingdom. Torquemada says the same.

It is said, in connection with this account of the Toltec migration, that HUEHUE-TLAPALAN was successfully invaded by Chichimecs, meaning barbarous aboriginal tribes,
who were united under one great leader. Here is one statement touching this point:

“There was a terrible struggle, but, after about thirteen years, the Toltecs, no longer able to resist successfully, were obliged to abandon their country to escape complete
subjugation. Two chiefs guided the march of the emigrating nation. At length they reached a region near the sea named TLAPALAN-CONCO, where they remained several
years. But finally undertook another migration and reached Mexico, where they built a town called TOLLANZINCO and later the city of TULLAN, which became the seat of

Brasseur de Bourbourg says: In the histories written in the Nahuatl language, the oldest certain date is nine hundred and fifty five years before Christ. “ This, he means, is
the oldest date in the history of the Nahuas or Toltecs which as been accurately determined. The calculation by which it is found is quoted from the later portion of the
“CODEX CHIMALPOPOCA” as follows: “Six times 400 years plus 113 years” previous to the year 1558 AD. This is given as the date of a division of the land by the Nahuas
The division was made 2513 years previous to 1558 AD, or in 955 BC

If this date could be accepted as authentic, it would follow that the Nahuas or Toltecs left HUEHUE- TLAPALAN more than a thousand years previous to the Christian era,
for they dwelt a long time in the country of Xiblba as peaceable settlers before they organized the civil war which raised them to power.
The precursors to the AZTECS were the TOLTECS, whose capital, TOLLAN, was reportedly one of the most magnificent cities in Mexico. Enjoying great wealth, the
TOLTECS were highly skilled in cutting Jade, casting gold along with other works of the craftsman and the 'feather-worker' (Reference: Maya: The Riddle and Rediscovery
of a Lost Civilization)

Toltec laws were said to have been strict but justly enforced, and their most important priest-king was QUETZALCOATL.

The Tulteca men, particularly in time of warmth, dressed in their cloaks and trunks of cotton; and in times of coldness they donned some long jackets without sleeves, which
reached to their knees, with their cloaks and trunks; they wore shoes in their style, cotaras or catles [cactli] of henequen.

The Tulteca women wore their huipiles and petticoats and likewise their cotaras of their own; and when they went outside they donned some white cloaks (toxquemetl)
embroidered with many colors, sharp-pointed at the shoulders, as in the manner of a hood of a friar although they reached to the knee pits.

The priests wore white or black tunics that reached to the ground, with hoods that covered their heads. Their hair was plaited and reached to their shoulders. Their eyes
were always lowered and humble, their feet bare at the time of their fasts and when they were in the temple. They seldom wore shoes unless they went outside on a long

When the Tultecas fought, they wore clothes in the manner of tunics of a 'thousand colors' that hung down to their heels, embroidered and very thick and heavy. Some
carried long lances and others spear throwers and clubs studded with iron.  They wore helmets of copper and gold, and some used bucklers, principally those who carried
the studded iron clubs.

The TUNICS OF A THOUSAND COLORS are one of the identifying signs of the Israelite tribes descended from Joseph -- and is the origin of the TARTANS worn by the
clans of Scotland.

Baron Humbolt's writing informs us, that at the time the Spaniards overran Mexico, the people inhabiting the vale where that city now stands, were called 'Azteeks' or
'Aztekas' and were, as their history recorded, usurpers who came from Aztalan, a country far in the north.
Sahagun and other friars confirmed this account by documenting the legends of the Aztecs who placed their origins in the north - on an island in a lake named “Aztlan”.

These legends tell how a group of seven Aztec clans migrated to the Valley of Mexico -- losing themselves in the mountains, the woods, and the place of crags.