|Ahmose-Nofretari was the daughter of Ahottpe I and
Seqnenre-Taa II. Along with her son, Amenhotep I,
she was worshiped as a patron of the tomb-builders
at Deir el-Medina many years after her death.
Married full brother
Egyptian Pharaohs were the Biblical Patriarchs -
The 11th Dynasty by Mary Sutherland
|Egyptian Pharaohs and the Hyksos Shepherd King
Eleventh & Twelve Dynasty
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Mentuhotep - Ancestor and Founder of the Eleventh Dynasty
Egyptian Monarch who ruled out of Thebes during the early first intermediate period.
On the base of a statue from the Sanctuary of Heqaib on Elephantine, a Mentuhotep is referred to
as "Father of the Gods".
Spouse: Neferu I
Parents: Intef the Elder, not a pharaoh but rather the nomarch of Thebes. As such he would have
nominally served either a king of the 8th Dynasty or one of the Herakleopolitan kings of 9th or 10th
Dynasty. Intef the Elder would have controlled the territory from Thebes to Aswan to the south and
not farther north than Koptos, which was then controlled by another dynasty of nomarchs. Intef is
believed to be the father of his successor on the Theban throne, Mentuhotep I.
Children: Intef I, Intef II
Grandchildren: Intef III, Iah, Neferukayet
Great grandchildren: Mentuhotep II, Neferu II, Intef III
Predecessor: Intef the Elder
Intef the Elder
Son of Iku.
Ruled from Thebes
Successor was Mentuhotep
The first member of the 11th Dynasty
to lay claim to a Horus name.
|Silsileh rock relief depicting a giant king
Mentuhotep II, on the right Intef III and the
treasurer Kheti and, on the left, queen Iah.
|The Temples at Deir el Bahri (the temple of Mentuhotep II is in the
foreground, that of Hatshepsut is behind)
|Statue of Mentuhotep II
from his temple/tomb
Mentuhotep II and Goddess Hathor
on a relief from his mortuary temple in
The statue of Hathor is practically
Pharaoh of the 11th Dynasty who reigned for 51
years. Around his 39th year on the throne he
reunited Egypt, thus ending the First Intermediate
Consequently, he is considered the first pharaoh
of the Middle Kingdom.campaigned in Lower
Nubia, where he had been preceded by the
Inyotefs (Intefs). His mortuary complex in Thebes
contained some of the earliest known depictions
of Amon-Re, the dynastic god of the Middle
Kingdom and the New Kingdom.
Neferu II ("The beautiful") was called "King's wife"
and "mistress of all women".
Sarcophagus of Kawit, 1907 photography by E.
She was buried in Deir el-Bahri.
|Mentuhotep II and Hathor depicted on the walls
|New discoveries can now place ABRAHAM in the same time and place as the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenemhet I whose mother was Ahmose- Nofretari,
daughter of Seqenenre Tao II. Her husband was her full brother. Amenemhet I was assassinated while his son Sesostris , co-regent of Egypt and heir to the
throne., was away campaigning in Libya. Ahmose-Nofretari, years after her death, was worshiped as a patron of the tomb-builders at Deir el-Medina.
According to the authors of 'The Hiram Key' the Hyksos were PROTO JEWS. One of their Shepherd Kings was Yakubher, (Aramean for JACOB), would
later became King of Egypt. According to the Book of Genesis, Jacob (also known as Israel) was the third Hebrew progenitor with whom God made a
covenant. He is the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham,
The Hebrew Migration into Egypt closely parallels Egypt's history of a Semite Hyksos migration that overthrew the pharaoh and seized the throne of Egypt.
The Hyksos King was appointed Pharaoh and the best and most fertile land of Goshen was given to the Hebrew People. This is the same king that elevated
Joseph to power as vizier .
For Apophis, his priority was to learn the "Secrets of Osiris; "The Secrets of the Egyptian King-Making" and "The Secrets of Eternal Life".
These secrets were only known to the Pharaoh, Seqenenre Tao II and his two senior priest/advisors.
Apophis tasked his Vizier JOSEPH (Son of JACOB) to extract these secrets. JOSEPH sent his brothers SIMEON AND LEVI to extract the information from the
two senior priests. Refusing to give up the secrets of Osiris, the two priests were put to death. They then confronted Seqenenre Tao II in the temple while
he prayed. Again, their demands were refused and Seqenenre Taa II was put to death. Because of their greed and actions, the secrets of the Egyptian
king-making ceremony and the keys of Osiris for Eternal Life are thought to have been lost forever.
The Hyksos copied what they knew of the ceremonial rituals which became the basis of the Masonic Myth of Hiram Abif.
Historical records show that the Semitic Hyksos kings ruled Egypt for over a hundred years. The Egyptian people eventually rebelled against these Semitic
kings and pushed them into northern Egypt.
Generations later, AHMOSE I, Grandson of Seqenenre Tao II, came into power and drove the Hyksos out of Egypt. Ahmose saw these Hyksos Shepherd
Kings as a blight upon the land and feared that because they had grown so great they would be a force to be reckoned with if not subdued immediately.
Ahmose cleaned the land of Egypt of the Hyksos influence and began massive new building campaigns to reconstruct Egypt. He re-opened the quarries ,
mining operations and re-established the trade routes throughout Egypt. He became the pharaoh known for building an even greater Egypt than had
existed before! Ahmoses I re-united Upper and Lower Egypt,becoming the absolute ruler of Egypt.
For such a large building project Ahmose required a large work force. For those Hebrew and Semitic people living in the Delta, Ahmose and his successors
imposed harsh labor on them, forcing them into slavery, pressing them into work camps in the quarries . Nearly a century later, Pharaoh Thutmoses III was
still utilizing these same people. On the walls of Amenhotep II's tomb are depictions of Semitic workers making mud brick and carving blocks. The
hieroglyphics that accompany the depictions read: "He supplies us with bread, beer and every good thing," while the Egyptian Task Master is saying "The
rod is in my hands; be not idle".
Eventually an agreement was reached between the Egyptians and the Semitic Hyksos, allowing the Hyksos people to leave Egypt peaceably and move to
Palestine and Jerusalem in the Egyptian controlled Land of Canaan. THEIR MIGRATION CLOSELY MATCHES THE BIBLE STORY OF THE SEMITIC
HEBREW EXODUS FROM EGYPT INTO THE PROMISED LAND OF CANAAN.
After these Proto-Jews were evicted from Egypt, they went on to become the Tribes of Israel and developed Judaism, which was built upon the
Egyptian king-making ceremony without the actual 'secrets' which made it work.
The Egyptian dynasty came to an end when Amenemhat IV was succeeded by his sister/wife Queen Sobek-neferu), daughter of Amenemhat III and the Last
Ruler of the Eleventh Dynasty. Although she was claimed to have been the last ruler of the Eleventh Dynasty, she maintained the position of Queen into the
Twelve Dynasty and known for her monument building monuments throughout Egypt . Her rule was recognized as far south as Lower Nubia.
Sobek-Neferu apparently ruled for only four years, but is known from a number of monuments and artifacts, including five statues and fragments relating to
the mortuary temple of Amenemhat III at Hawara. Some of the items of hers found were scarabs, seals and beads, as well as a Nile inundation record,
relating a flood of some 1.83 meters that dates to Sobek-neferu's last year. The name 'Sobek-neferu' means 'The Beauty of Sobek, the Crocodile God".
The rulers of the 12th Dynasty established a religious and economic center in the Fayoum where the crocodiles were nurtured and worshipped. Historically a
series of powerful invaders the Philistines, the Babylonians and Persians conquered the land of Canaan, the Hebrew people had re-named "Israel",
The Hebrew tribes of Manesseh and Dan joined forces and became the Macedanians (Manasseh + Dan = Macedanians) but fled to Greece where they wore
white kilts styled after the Egyptian pharaohs, played goat skinned bagpipes and adopted the Greek culture. They settled along the River Danube which
they named after the tribe of Dan.
Mummy of Ahmose
|Egyptians fighting the feared 'Sea People'
Some have referenced the Pharaoh was Ramses II ...Others have dated this to the Wars of Atlantis with Egypt
and Greece...Time would have been during the Trojan War?
Time line seems to fit with the people of Dan (Israelites) leaving Egypt and moving to Greece.
See above article.
The Hebrew tribes of Manesseh and Dan joined forces and became the Macedanians
(Manasseh + Dan = Macedanians) but fled to Greece where they wore
white kilts styled after the Egyptian pharaohs, played goat skinned bagpipes and adopted the
Greek culture. They settled along the River Danube which they named after the tribe of Dan.