Red Haired Mummies of Egypt...Ramses II
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Abu Simbel was first reported by J. L.
Burckhardt in 1813, when he came over
the mountain and only saw the facade of
the great temple as he was preparing to
leave that area via the Nile. The two
temples, that of Ramesses II primarily
dedicated to Re-Harakhte, and that of his
wife, Nefertari was dedicated to Hathor.The
main temple was dedicated to Ramesses II
and to the four universal gods Ptah,
Re-Harakhte, Amun-Re, and to Ramesses
II himself.
Ramesses the Great, Ramses II

The son of Seti I and Queen Tuya was the third king of the 19th Dynasty. Called Ramesses the Great, he lived
to be 96 years old, had 200 wives and concubines, 96 sons and 60 daughters. One son, Prince Khaemwese,
was a high priest of Ptah, governor of Memphis, and was in charge of the restoration of the Pyramid of Unas.
This son was buried in The Serapeum. Ramesses II outlived the first thirteen of his heirs. Ramesses was named
co-ruler with his father, Seti I, early in his life. He accompanied his father on numerous campaigns in Libya and
Nubia. At the age of 22 Ramesses went on a campaign in Nubia with two of his own sons. Seti I and Ramesses
built a palace in Avaris where Ramesses I had started a new capital. When Seti I died in 1290 B.C., Ramesses
assumed the throne and began a series of wars against the Syrians. The famous Battle of Kadesh is inscribed
on the walls of Ramesses temple.

Ramesses' building accomplishments are two temples at Abu Simbel, the hypostyle hall at Karnak, a mortuary
complex at Abydos, the Colossus of Ramesses at Memphis, a vast tomb at Thebes, additions at the Luxor
Temple, and the famous Ramesseum. Among Ramesses' wives were Nefertari, Queen Istnofret, his two
daughters, Binthanath and Merytamon, and the Hittite princess, Maathornefrure. Ramesses was originally buried
in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. Because of the widespread looting of tombs during the 21st Dynasty the
priests removed Ramesses body and took it to a holding area where the valuable materials such, as gold-leaf
and semi-precious inlays, were removed. The body was then rewrapped and taken to the tomb of an 18th
Dynasty queen, Inhapi. The bodies of Ramesses I and Seti I were done in like fashion and all ended up at the
same place. Amenhotep I's body had been placed there as well at an earlier time. Seventy-two hours later, all of
the bodies were again moved, this time to the Royal Cache that was inside the tomb of High Priest Pinudjem II.
The priests documented all of this on the linen that covered the bodies. This systematic looting by the priests
was done in the guise of protecting the bodies from the "common" thieves.

Ramesses was followed to the throne by his thirteenth son, with his queen Istnofret, Merenptah.
February 19, 2001
CAIRO (AFP English) - US have found
prehistoric tombs containing skeletons and
rock drawings of the ancient Goddess
Hathor which date back more
than 6,000 years, antiquities officials have

The illustrations of the sky goddess Hathor
were found on Mount Nabta, 1,350
kilometers (810 miles) south of Cairo,
secretary general of the Supreme Council
of Antiquities Gaballah Ali Gaballah said.

On the same mountain the archeologists
found "two tombs, with one containing
seven prehistoric skeletons and the other
two skeletons, all dating about 4,000 years
before Christ," Gaballah said.

"What's new about this discovery is the
existence of Mica insulation imported
especially from Sudan or Egypt's eastern
desert to preserve the skeletons,"
said Ali Al Asfar, head of antiquities for the
Aswan region.

Stone tools, used to pound grain, and
ceramic utensils were also found in the
Nabta mountain, which is about 120
kilometers (75 miles) south of
the pharaonic temple at Abu Simbel, Asfar

These finds will be exhibited soon at the
Nubian Museum in Aswan, he said.
Hathor, daughter of the Sun god Re, was
the goddess of joy, motherhood, and love.
She was considered the protectress of
pregnant women and a midwife.

As the goddess of music and dancing her
symbol was the sistrum. As a fertility
goddess and a goddess of moisture,
Hathor was associated with the inundation
of the Nile. In this aspect she was
associated with the Dog-star Sothis whose
rising above the horizon heralded the
annual flooding of the Nile. In the legend of
Ra and Hathor she is called the "Eye of
Ra." (Sekhmet).
Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th Dynasty
A vizier under the last king of the 18th Dynasty, Horemheb, Ramesses I appears
to have come to the throne as an appointment of his predecessor, who seems to
have produced no heir.

The time of departure of the Hebrews from Egypt would have been during the  
reign of Ramses I, the first king .
Feet of Pharaoh Ramses I
Feet of Pharaoh Ramses I. He resided unrecognized for many years in a museum
in Niagara Falls, Canada. (It is possible that Rameses I is the great-grandfather of
the biblical Moses)
Reliefs of Ramses II, Ptah and
Sekhmet.,,,:Egyptian Museum..
Hathor was the wife of the Sun God so in a symbolic
way, the two Temples, that of Ramesses II and that of
Nefertari, brings Ramesses II and Nefertari and Hathor
and the Sun God together as one. The facade of the
temple is a receding Pylon, just as the larger temple of
Ramesses II. On either side of the entrance to the
temple are a deified statue of Nefertari with statues of
Ramesses II on either side of her. The statues of
Nefertari are the same height as those of Ramesses,
which is unusual. Like at Ramesses II's temple, there
are children depicted around their feet. There are
cobras protecting the Temple door.
Ramses, Pharaoh of Egypt
Red Haired Mummies
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