FOLK LORE AND LEGENDS ON WHITE HORSES
Amazons followed several religions.
The one constant in all these religions was the belief in mysticism and supernatural energies.
The underlying idea of the cult of Cybele:
In the actual ceremonies performed at Cybele's shrines the original warlike character was almost lost in the mystic frenzy which found expression in noisy shouting and self-affliction.

Measured beating of drums, the clashing of cymbals, and the music of the pipe, which set the rhythm for the ecstatic motion of the worshippers.
Of her inspiration came a form of holy madness, which endowed the worshipper with a sense of mystic ecstasy and supernatural strength.
                                                         F.Bennett

Of the following of the Bacchic religion:
The magic power with which the phallic lord of exuberant natural life revolutionized the world of women is manifested in phenomenon which surpass the limits of our experience and our
imagination.  A religion which established the closest bond between beatitude and supersensory existence.
                                                                                       J.J.Bachofen

The Amazons in the Thermondon region were considered the enemies of the griffins.  The griffin was the totem animal of the soil and represented the ancestral soil.  In its twin nature, there
loomed the eagle-beaked threat of winged fear hovering above the abyss, mixed with the snake and lion bodies of arid golden sand.  Whoever wanted to live there had to fight it.


The horse is the totem of the Amazons.
The Amazons felt a profound magic connection for the horse.  In a magic way something of a symbol of strong desires and a propellant of their urges, especially when its hoofs struck fire and thus
symbolized fire,"the shiny tongue of the Gods."


Pegasus sprang forth from the blood of the Lybian Amazon Medusa.  
Myrine, obeying an apparition in a dream decided to sacrifice horses.
In highly secret rites, a white stallion was sacrificed.  The "sacred marriage" between the divine animal and the queen supposedly served the magic renewal for the people.
                                                                                          H. Diner


It seems no  accident that the earliest shamanism
originated in Siberia was female shamanism, connected
with the Great Bear constellation and the Great Goddess Artemis;
and that
              Artemis was also the name applied to the Great Goddess of
              Catal Hüyük in the 7th millennium BCE as well as the
              Amazons in the 5th century BCE—seventy centuries later!
                                                                                       V. Noble



              The female skeletons and mummies found in the steppe
              burials are consistently buried with spoons (for the sacred
              mare's milk koumiss), mirrors (for healing and divination),
              gypsum (Robert Graves said the priestesses painted their faces
              with white gypsum before rituals), portable altars for
              offerings, and often with their own weapons as well swords,
              daggers, and arrowheads. Some wear headdresses (sometimes
              as grand as three feet high)
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                                                 Uffington White Horse

General Information
National Grid Ref SU 305 865

The Uffington white horse can be found 1.5 miles due south of Uffington village on the Berkshire downs (although now in Oxfordshire). It is situated facing NW near the top (at approx. 800 ft) of a
very impressive steep escarpment below the Ridgeway long distance footpath, Whitehorse hill and the Saxon hillfort of Uffington castle and above Dragon hill. There is convenient parking
nearby at Woolstone hill and at Whitehorse hill. This high locale makes the horse difficult to view from close quarters (although it can be seen quite well from some parts of the B4507), it is seen
rather better from most areas of the Vale of the White Horse.

The best view is undoubtedly from the air, but lacking aerial capabilities the best view is from about 1 mile to the North, although the view from Dragon hill is not bad. It is also the largest of the
horses being some 374 feet in length and 110 feet in height, constructed of trenches which are 5 to 10 feet in width and 2 to 3 feet deep and filled with chalk, this is a few feet above the natural
chalk of the hill. The horse is in excellent condition being maintained by the National Trust. The edges are well defined partially consolidated with concrete (although well hidden) and the top
edge reinforced with polypropylene netting, the chalk white and well compacted and erosion repaired when necessary.

The horse was scoured on the 24th June 2000 for further details on this go to http://www.wayland.demon.co.uk/whshow/whshow.htm
History.


The Uffington white horse is undoubtedly Britain’s oldest and most famous hill figure, which has recently been dated at 3000 years old by the Oxford Archeological Unit. 1000 years older
than previously thought. This the oldest hill figure and inspired the creation of many of the other white horses although and particularly its closeness to Uffington castle may have inspired the
creation of the first Westbury horse by Bratton camp, which also faced right. The earliest reference to it was in in the 1070's when white horse hill was mentioned, the first actual reference to the
horse itself was in 1190.

The horse is unique in its features, the horse being a very long sleek disjointed figure and this leads some to believe it represents the mythical dragon that St. George slain on the adjacent
Dragon hill or even his horse. However others believe it represents a Celtic horse goddess Epona, known to represent fertility, healing and death. It may have been created to be worshipped in
religious ceremonies. Similar horses feature in Celtic jewelry and there is also evidence for horse worship in the Iron Age. The scouring of the horse is believed to have been a religious festival in
later times, giving more creditability to the figure being of religious origin. Others believe that it commemorates Alfred’s victory over the Danes in 861 AD or that it was created in the seventh
century by Hengist in the image of a horse on his standard, however the recent scientific data upon its age seem to discount these more modern theories. Several Iron age coins bearing
representations of horses very similar to the Uffington horse have been found and would support the theory of the horse being from an earlier period than the seventh or eight centuries.

Also unusual is the fact that the horse faces to the right while all other horses and other animal hill figures face left, with three exceptions, the very first Westbury horse, the Osmington horse and
the more modern Bulford Kiwi. The earliest record of the white horse is from Abingdon Abbey in the late 12th century, although white horse hill was mentioned a century earlier. There are many
records after this period with a very good historical record from the 18th century in which the horse has changed little in appearance from then to the present day. There were occasions when
the horse became overgrown, 1880 for example and was in danger of being lost like some of the other hill figures. There is no danger of this happening now, with English Heritage caring for this
Ancient monument.
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                                  The White Horse Ghost of Vallecito
Vallecito is famous for its ghosts. Its history contains many murders, deaths, robberies, and other wicked tales. One well known story involves a double-murder at Vallecito Station. It all started
with a stage hold up that yielded $65,000 worth of loot to four men on horseback, who robbed the eastbound stage before it reached Carrizo Wash en route to Vallecito Station.

As the men fled the scene, the driver of the stage fired one shot, killing one of the four men. When he reached the thief he had shot, he found not one, but two dead bodies. The driver
concluded that the leader of the band of thieves, had shot one of his own men so he would not have to divide up the loot.

The bandit leader and one other thief survived the robbery and rode on to rest at Vallecito Station. Shortly before they arrived at the station, they buried their loot in some nearby hills and rode
on to the station for a drink and some food. It is said that the two bandits were arguing while having a drink in the station. One of the bandits, the leader, went outside to check on his horse
promising to continue the discussion when he returned. He did return to the station, entering through the doorway mounted on his big white horse, and shot his companion.

As the wounded bandit was dying, he drew his gun and fired back at the leader, killing him dead from the back of his brave white mount. The white horse, spooked by the gun fire and death of
his master, ran off into the hills. It is said that when someone is in the valley around midnight, near the location where the bandits buried their loot, the ghost of a White Horse will appear from
nowhere, galloping through the sand and then disappearing without a trace.
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                                               The Heavenly Horse


Tiger Horses today trace their genetics to an ancient Siberian breed from the Steppe, the Don Region of Russia near the China border and a horse once known as;  "THE HEAVENLY HORSE"


This amazing wood carving is 1500 years old. It depicts the airborne figure of a "Heavenly Horse" from Siberia.  It has four normal legs moving laterally like those of many modern-day four-gaited
breeds and it has four "spirit" legs indicating that it is a "horse of the air" and therefore smooth to ride. This little horse is shown "flying without wings."

Eyes showing the sclera (whites like that of humans and modern day Tiger Horses,)its upraised tail and extended tongue suggest speed and spirit.    Now in Seoul South Korea this lovely work
of art is currently on display in a museum. A mound tomb has also been reconstructed and on the lintel above the entrance a simple carved inscription  reads;
HEAVENLY HORSE"
While countless "Heavenly Horse" myths exist, petroglyphs and cave paintings attest to the probability that Heavenly Horses did indeed once live and that they thrived near the Heavenly
Mountain's region on the Siberia China border. TIGRE believes the Tiger Horse would have been found amongst members of the Sogdian clan neighboring the Ferghana valley.
This beautiful work of art was carved on bark from the white Birch, a tree of the Steppe, a tree and a horse from much farther north than the burial mound where it was found.
Still wearing a gold crown and lying in a mound tomb with the tree bark carving and skeletal remains of his beloved horse was the embalmed body of a long dead "Shaman" or  King. The tiny
gold leaves dangling from his crown would surely have chimed and shimmered as he passed before his spellbound subjects on his magnificent white horse. His Heavenly Tiger Horse.
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