After reading
the following
pages on this
Amazing Race
of Mound
Builders-   your
life and
perception of
the past will
never be the
The Mound Builders  - The Ancient Ones- The Giants - The Men of Old - The Mound Builders -  Mound Builders
Mounds of Wisconsin - Mound Builders of Wisconsin - Effigy Mounds - Conical Mounds- Ceremonial Mounds -
North Americans May be a Collage of Ancient Peoples
1847 Disturnell Map may show us that the Aztecs did not Migrate North , but Migrated
Map shows us that the Aztecs once lived north of Hopi tribe

The map is connected to the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and shows three
migration points depicting a southerly migration route beginning in Utah and including
an “Antigua Residencia de los Aztecas� – Ancient residence of the Aztecs.

The existence of the Disturnell Map and others now clearly show us that places that had
names like Montezuma and Aztec were already established priority to archaelogical
theories that credit the naming of these places on the romaticism of 19th century U.S.

More evidence can be found to support the Aztec claim to North America through
linguistics. The Uto-Azteca language family spreads from as far north as Canada down
through South America.

Researchers of the maps, Rodriguez and Gonzales also believe that Corn and their
corn-based diets link the families together as one.  According to Rodriguez, "Corn is a
plant whose seedsthat must be cultivated. They do not blow in the wind. Once you look
at it, it’s obvious! It is a story about how everyone is related."

Aztlanahuac: Mesoamerica in North America Map Exhibit

In the spring of 2005, The Wisconsin Historical Society and Memorial Library at the
University of Wisconsin at Madison exhibited the 19th-16th century maps that indicate or
allude to an ancient Mesoamerican presence and migrations from what is today the
United States.

The exhibit  included chronicles, codices, annals and interviews regarding oral
traditions that speak to ancient connections between peoples of the north and south.
Part of the objective of the map exhibit examines how cartographers addressed this
subject from the 1500s through the 1800s.

This exhibit is the result of part of the work of several Hopi elders, including the late
David Monongye and Thomas Banyacya, who passed on their knowledge of these
The documents firmly establish that the Hopi never surrendered their sovereignty
and point to an ancient Mexican presence in their midst.
(A special thanks to Frank
Gutierrez, counselor and instructor at East L.A. College, who passed them on to the
researchers, and the many other elders who passed on other knowledge, guidance
and words to them.)

The overall theme of this exhibit is an examination of maps and chronicles from the
1800s-1500s that show Mesoamerican roots in what is today the United States. It is
part of a larger collaborative and ongoing research effort that examines ancient
connections between peoples of the north and south. Many of the maps point to several
sites, purportedly associated with Aztec/Mexica peoples and their migrations, but also
with older ancient Mexican, Chichimeca and Toltec migrations and that of Central and
South American peoples as well.

It CHALLENGES  the mainstream narrative of U.S. archaeology that tells us that it was
the romanticism of 19th century U.S. archaeologists that caused them to place such
place names (Montezuma, Aztec, Anahuac, Tula, etc) throughout what is today the U.S.
However, these maps (representative of hundreds more and found at most major
libraries and research institutions around the world) clearly demonstrate that
such sites
were well-established long before 1776.

The research also examines oral traditions, many which speak of connections (beyond
migration stories of Uto-Azteca peoples) between the north and the south. The concept
of origins/migrations is complex, philosophical and spiritual. The researchers here did
not set out to find one migration route, but rather, to understand why this information
exists on these historic documents. In the process, a clear connection between the
peoples of the north and south has been established to the entire continent or Turtle
Island. One such connection includes agriculture, specifically maize, which is itself
another form of a map.
Turtle Island
The Hopi  tradition, the turtle island is North
America, with four arms a head and a tail. One
arm is Baja, another the Bay Area peninsula,
another is Florida, the other long island is Nova
Scotia.  The tail leads town to Central America,
the head the Bering Strait.
According to the Chusmash Indians of California, Mu was the west coast of
the Americas.   According to the legends, the west coast of Mu sunk into
the Pacific ocean (off of Malibu, etc).  That leaves the rest of the Americas,
and Aztecan/Atlantis as possibly one and the same continental mass that went
"missing" as most of its coastal lands on either side have sunk into the sea, as
well as some parts having suddenly risen several thousand feet.   The melting
of the ice age glaciers also helped to drown the coastal areas that were left.

Since these coastal, frequented places no longer existed, having sunk, no doubt
this may have given place to the rumor of the entire "place" being gone??

Kath Gibbs - Kat
Atlantis in
Click here
to read my work on
Atlantis in
Wisconsin and King
Solomon's Mines
1804 Humboldt
This map depicts the same
three migration points, plus
a fourth, more northern
one, pointing to Teguayo or
the Salt Lake region as the
point of departure of
ancient Mexican Indians.
Humboldt purportedly
made his observations
based on ancient
pre-Columbian codices.
This map depicts
the same four
migration points
as depicted on
the Humboldt
Map. It is also
based on codices.
Interesting Map and article.
If one notices, the "Aztlanders" always had encampments
and "towns" along major waterways (rivers).  The
Mississippi River also had hidden away Mayan townships
and encampments  which had been covered and silted over
due to ancient flooding.  These were first
discovered with infra-red photography, and some have since
been uncovered.
Kath Gibbs
1728 Barreiro Map
This is the oldest post-Columbian map which depicts the four migration points of ancient Mexican Indians found in later maps.
Some sources also point to this region as a former home for people from Central and South America also.
1569 Camocio Map
Several maps associate
TOLM. with Teguayo. TOLM. is
generally found in the
present-day U.S. Southwest on
1500s-1600s era maps.
Several maps, including the
1569 Camocio map, show its
full spelling as Tolman, which
is purportedly associated with
the Toltecs
This animation shows the
motions of the continents
during the last 200 million

Blue areas are deep ocean
Light blue areas are flooded
continental shelves and
oceanic plateaus.  
Tan areas are land and the
red areas are mountains.  
The Old Red Land
North America (Laurentia) collides with
Northern Europe (Baltica) to form the "Old
Red Sandstone" continent.
During the Cretaceous period  it
appears that Europe, Greenland,
and North America were still
connected moving northwestward.
At the beginning of the
Cretaceous in North America, the
Mexican Sea of the late Jurassic
period spread over Texas,
Oklahoma, New Mexico, and
parts of Arizona, Kansas, and
During later
Cretaceous period the Colorado
Sea became the greatest of the
North American Mesozoic seas
and extended all the way from
Mexico up into the Arctic, covering
most of central North America.
Near the end of the Cretaceous
the conditions in the west were
similar to those of the
Carboniferous period with
swamps and bogs forming which
would later become valuable
deposits of coal.

During the close of the
Cretaceous period, the Rockies
and the East Andes mountains
became elevated and there were
extensive flows of lava. The
Appalachians, which had been
reduced almost to a base level by
erosion, were rejuvenated, and
the seas retreated from all parts
of the continent.

The mountains in North Carolina
continued to experience erosion.
During the last half of the period,
eastern areas sank slowly below
sea level and the ocean invaded
the Coastal Plain. Rocks in the
Blue Ridge and Piedmont rose
slightly. Warm climate in North

By the end of the Cretaceous,
about 75% of all species,
including marine, freshwater,
and terrestrial organisms,
became extinct. The rather
abrupt disappearance of
Cretaceous life remains a
mystery. A popular theory was
introduced in 1980 by Luis
Alvarez and his colleagues at
the University of California.
Alvarez suggested that the
Earth was struck by an asteroid
or comet about 6 miles (10
kilometers) in diameter around
65 million years ago. Such an
impact an impact (or series of
impacts) would spread dust
into the atmosphere,
suppressing photosynthesis
and disrupting the food chain.
Evidence of an impact includes
a layer of iridium in the rock
record, plus some probable
impact craters dated back to
the late Cretaceous.
Began: 570 million years ago
Ended: Current
Lasted: Current

Began: 245.0 million years ago
Ended: 066.4 million years ago
Lasted: 178.6 million years

Began: 144.0 million years ago
Ended: 066.4 million years ago
Lasted: 077.6 million years

The Cretaceous period was marked in
North America and Europe, by extensive
submergence of the continents. Changes
both in the Earth’s surface and its flora
and fauna brought the Mesozoic to a close
at the end of the period.
The Cherokee speak  about coming from the 'OLD RED LAND '
Most thought that this had to have been Venus.
My belief is that the Old Red Land is not Venus but Old Earth. Click the following link
Watch North America (Laurentia) collide with Northern Europe (Baltica)

Mary Sutherland
Jonathan Carver's map showing northwest Wisconsin's "Coppermine Branch