Native American Indian Tradition Speaks on the Survivors of Atlantis in North America

The Berber described the inhabitants of Atlantis as wealthy in gold, silver, copper and tin. Not content with these riches, they launched a military invasion of other lands, cut short by the Great
Flood that drowned their homeland.

The Atep, Siouan name given to the calumet or `peace pipe', is the single most sacred object among all Native American tribes and smoked only ritually. It was given to them by the Manitou (Great
Spirit) immediately after a catastrophic conflagration and flood destroyed a former world or Age, which was ruled over from a "big lodge" on an
island in the Atlantic Ocean.

The survivors were commanded by the Great Spirit to fashion the ceremonial pipes from Catlinite (pipestone), a mineral found only in the southwest corner of Minnesota (Pipestone National
Monument) and Barron County (Pipestone Mountain), in northwestern Wisconsin. According to legend, in these two places alone, the bodies of the drowned sinners had come to rest, their red
flesh transformed into easily worked stone. The bowl of the ceremonial pipe represents the female principle, while the stem stands for the male, signifying the
men and women who perished in the flood. Uniting these two symbols and smoking tobacco in the pipe was understood as a commemoration of the cataclysm and admonition to subsequent
generations against defying the will of God.

`Atali' lives in the memory of the Cherokee as the home of their ancestors before the Great Flood. The Cherokee called their ancestors `Atsilagigai', which is a rendering of the word
for `Atlantean'. The Cherokee word `Atsilagigai' means `Men from the Place of the Red Fire' (volcanic island).

The Mississippi Choctaw Indians speak of a time when their people were invaded by the `Na-hu-lo' or `The Horned Giants'. The Choctaw described them as a white race of giants with red and
blonde hair. These giants wore an extra layer of heavy skin, which made them impenetrable to their arrows, spears and war clubs. The invaders were said to have been cannibals and feasted on
the bodies of their enemies.

The Choctaw also tell of yet another race of men who they called the `Na-hon-lo'. These people were also of large stature, with fair complexion, linking their origins to the place of the rising sun or
the East. Unlike the other group, they were peaceful and tiller of the soil. According to W. D. Funkhouse, Professor of Zoology, author of Ancient Life in Kentucky, these people domesticated the
great mammoth and used them as beasts of burden. The mammoths were closely herded and were responsible for breaking down and devouring the
forests, creating the prairies that exist today.

The Chippewa, Sandusky and Tawa Tribes also tell of the existence of `bearded' giants. According to Jonathan Brooks, his father, Benjamin Brooks, lived with the Indians for fourteen years and
became well-acquainted with their language and traditions. Benjamin told his son that, according to their accounts, the first to occupy this country was a giant race with black beards. Later, another
giant race came to the land and either killed or drove off the race of black beards.

Ohio Native American Indian traditions retain the story of two separate races of humans that pre-existed their culture. One was the archaic people, described as having slender bodies and long
narrow heads. The other group was the Adena people, described as having massive bone structure and short heads.

The Keetoowah relate the story of a race of giants, known as the Ani-Ku-Tani, a clan of priest-kings and religious aristocracy. The Kutani came to abuse their powers and started oppressing the
Keetoowah, taking the best their society could produce and forcing the Keetoowah to build their mounds for religious temples. Not only were the Kutani
greatly feared but their oppressive taxation and arrogant domination became deeply resented. This eventually led to warfare resulting in the extermination of the Kutani.

Robert Conley, author of The White Path, writing of the massacre of the Ani Ku Tani, stated that the victory over the Kutani was a hollow one. Without the structure provided by the Kutani, the
society of the Real People (Cherokee) collapsed with infighting and increasing violent squabbling. The Kutani had provided them with protection and
the Cherokee were left vulnerable to Suwalis, another group who were seeking power over the region and its people. Conley stated that at least one of these priest-kings survived the massacre.
He was taken captive by the Cherokee, knowing that he was the only person alive that still carried the knowledge of the great secrets of the ancient priesthood along with a sacred writing that
brought physical shape to the language.

Many believe that Prophet Joseph Smith visited the Cherokee in the early 1800's and heard the story of the Ani Ku Ta Ni. It was there that he learned they possessed a writing system and a written
record of their history and genealogy.

In 1825, Tuscorora David Cusic wrote, "The Ronnongwetowanca were a powerful tribe of giants and had a considerable habitation. After having endured the outrages of these giants for a great
long time, the people banded together to destroy them. With a final force of about 800 warriors, they successfully annihilated the abhorrent Ronnongwetowanca." According to Cusic, this
happened around 2,500 years before the arrival of Columbus in America.

Ancient Miners

"Look for the country of Aztalan, the original country of the Aztecs, as high up at least as the 42nd parallel north; whence, journeying, they at last arrived in the vale of Mexico. In that vale the
earthen mounds of the far north become the elegant stone pyramidal and other structures whose remains are now found." H. P. Blavatsky

The Megalith Builders (4500- 1500 B.C.) were a race of people, erased from our history, who had achieved a knowledge of the sciences far superior to ours today. Traces of their culture in the
Americas can be found in the stone structures they left behind during the Bronze Age.

According to an article in the November 1948 issue of Atlantis, Dr. P.L. Collignon's hypotheses is that the Rhesus negative (Rhneg) Basques were one of the many groups of refugees from
Atlantis. Archeologist Sykes, stated in an article he wrote on Blood Groupings in the July 1959 issue of New World Antiquity that the Rhesus negative factor was introduced into Europe thousands
of years ago by a migrating people. Although we find a small percentage of rhesus negative people spread throughout Europe; we find a high percentage among the Basques, the Albanians, and
Guanches of the Canary or Fortunate Isles.

Approximately 3000 B.C. mining operations began at Tyranena, an area near Lake Mills, Wisconsin. This became one of the bases of operation for the early Tyranenian miners and traders of
copper mined in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. From Tyranena, the traders traveled the  Rock River to the Mississippi River and then down to the Gulf of Mexico. The Tyranenians ceased mining
operations around 1200 B. C.and left the area. Before leaving they flooded the site, creating a lake to protect their secrets and dead left behind.

In acknowledgement of Tyranena and its people, land was set aside for a park in Lake Mills and given the name Tyranena Park. The park is located on the north end of Rock Lake, which hides the
pyramids under its waters.

According to the lunar date given in Plato's dialogues and the Egyptian records, Atlantis was destroyed in the month of the Goddess Hathor, which corresponds to November 1198 B.C. date.

Approximately 900 A.D. Aztec astronomer-priests and their miners again established a point camp, at the abandoned Tyranenian settlement. Naming the settlement Aztalan, it became a center for
their intercontinental copper trade. Around 1300 A.D. they ceased operations and moved southward to Mexico. According to Baron Humboldt, when the Spaniards overran Mexico it was inhabited
by a people known as the `Azteekin' or `Aztekas' who were usurpers that came from a country in the north, known as Aztalan. Its location was north of the forty-second degree of north latitude." (He
further examined hieroglyphs or pictures in the Mexican or Azteka manuscript, which depicts this migration.)

H. P. Blavatsky, wrote in The Secret Doctrine, that Baron Humboldt said, "Look for the country of Aztalan, the original country of the Aztecs, as high up at least as the 42nd parallel north; whence,
journeying, they at last arrived in the vale of Mexico. In that vale the earthen mounds of the far north become the elegant stone pyramidal and other structures whose remains are now found."

Dr. Barry Fell, Bronze Age America, cites a passage from the Harris Payrus claiming that some of King David's huge stockpile of copper ore, used for the building of King Solomon's Temple, came
from the Phoenician's North American trading routes:

After the defeat of the `Sea People', Ramses III, Pharaoh of the XX Dynasty (identified with Plato's Atlanteans) declares in the Harris Papyrus:

"I sent out an expedition to the land of `Ataka' for the great foundries of copper which are in that place. Our transport ships were loaded. Having located the foundries loaded with metal, loaded as
myriads upon our ships, they sailed back to Egypt, arriving safely. The cargo was piled in stores as hundreds of thousands of the color of gold. I let the people see them like marvels."

Frank Joseph, author of The Lost Pyramids of Rock Lake, explains that Ataka is an Egyptian linguistic inflection of the Atlanteans' original name for Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The prefix `At' was
often used to designate Atlantean holdings.

Plato describes them as pre-eminent miners of the world's highest- grade copper.

Ramses mentions `foundries', which suggests that large-scale mining operations existed throughout the Upper Great Lakes area. After the Atlanteans (sea people) were defeated and captured by
Ramses, they divulged the location of their copper sources in North America. The Egyptian ships then ventured a transatlantic crossing. He does not
indicate any trade negotiations or military operations in Ataka, but simple seizure of the vast amounts of copper, as though there was no one there with whom to barter or fight.

According to an article in the November 1948 issue of Atlantis, Dr. P.L. Collignon's hypotheses is that the Rhesus negative (Rh Negative) Basques were one of many groups of refugees from
Atlantis. Archeologist Sykes, stated in an article he wrote on Blood Groupings in the July 1959 issue of New World Antiquity that the Rhesus
negative factor was introduced into Europe thousands of years ago by a migrating people. Although we find a small percentage of rhesus negative people spread throughout Europe; we find a
high percentage among the Basques, the Albanians, and Guanches of the Canary or Fortunate Isles.

Aztalan's ancient miners' veneration of the dog links them to the people of the Canary Islands and Egypt. The root `CAN' is a derivative of the word Cain or Canaan and is
Latin for Dog. (CAN-ine) After the early Romans made their first visit to the Islands in the Second Century B. C., they began calling the natives `dog people' due
to their worship of the dog. This type of worship mirrors the Egyptian veneration of Anubis, the dog-headed god who led the souls from the material world, through the veil, into the after life. In the
Egyptian City of Cynopolis (Dog City), tens of thousands of mummified dogs were found buried.

According to the Cocopa Indian tribe, giants of the past were able to carry logs that six of the humans failed to budge. Humans can roughly carry twice their body. The average human weighs 150
pounds (carrying weight of 300 lbs in group) times six humans, you now have the ability to carry 1,800 pounds. Now let us take into account that these six humans could not move the logs, and
then they would have weighed well over 1,800 lbs. These giants were carrying 1,800 pound logs with ease. Super human strength is often attributed to the Nephilim.


Accounts by Richard L. Dieterle

Giants are a malignant race who flourished in primordial times before they were brought into check by the great spirits. Although they would frequently sojourn on the island earth where humans
live, their home is in a Spiritland on the other side of the Ocean Sea. [1] Since two Wolf Spirits reached it floating on a small ice berg, it apparently lies in the arctic north. There the wind blows cold
and fierce, and the ground can be covered in snow. [2] On the other side of the ocean, tribes of Giants flourished. Some of them protected their mortality by removing their hearts and wrapping
them in bundles of feathers which they hid away on a platform. These Giants were killed by the Thunderbird, Ocean Duck, who found their hearts and burned them to ashes. [3] Like other spirits,
the Man Eaters can be divided into two tribes: the Good Giants and the Bad Giants. Most seem to have belonged to the tribe of Bad Giants who indulge their appetite for human flesh, but the
Good Giants have belied their name by abandoning the practice of eating people. [4] Originally, they too had eaten people, but the spirit called "Young Man Gambles Often"
(Hotcîtcîwagiogega), caused them to vomit up everything within them, until finally they disgorged ice from their stomachs. This it was that caused them to eat humans. After that, they enjoyed
the same food that humans ate. [5] While the stomachs of Giants contain ice, their heads contain wampum, which is to say, sea shells. [6]

Not only are the Giants by nature man eaters, as their Hotcâk name Wángerútcge reveals, but male Giants are as tall as trees [7], four times the height of a man. [8] On the other hand, Giant
women, who are particularly noted for their beauty [9], are about the same size as humans. [10] Despite the hostility and dietary proclivities of Giants, humans are part Giant themselves. Once
humans were smaller and rather uniform in size. In ancient times men took Giant women as brides, and over time the admixture of the two bloods produced a race of variable heights such as we
are today. Particularly large humans merely take after their Giant ancestors. [11] Some large human men are thought to be reincarnations of Giant Spirits, usually of the Good Giant tribe, judging
by their benevolence. [12]
One cannibal Giantess, some call "Pretty Woman," had hair said to be, variously, red [13], orange [14], or yellow. [15] Despite her superior skill in lacrosse, her life was
spared by the victorious good spirits, and she was adopted into human society. [16] In one account she marries Redhorn's father; in another, Redhorn himself. [17]

The Man Eaters have a mysterious association with ice. Redhorn's father gave his Giant wife, Pretty Woman, an emetic which forced her to vomit up an ice cube. This was found to be the cause of
her cannibalism. [18] There was a race of such man eaters known as "Ice Giants," who in winter would appear around the periphery of villages hoping to pick off people who strayed too far from
the campfire. The Ice Giants were unconquerable by mere mortals, but they could be placated by offerings of tobacco, red feathers, and food, which were offered in the early evening. [19] The
Giants, being confident of their command of the ice, once challenged an incarnated Wolf Spirit to a contest to see who would first succumb to the cold. The Wolf Spirit won the contest because he
was able, unlike the Giants, to radiate heat whenever he sat atop a mound of snow. [20]

Human beings were the favorite food of the Bad Giants who would go to some lengths to get it. On occasions they massacred whole villages in order to eat the inhabitants. [21] Like other man
eaters, such as the Bad Thunderbirds [22] they would let some people live just to fatten them up so that they would be all the tastier later. [23] Good, fat humans, apparently make excellent soup
as well. [24] When the Giants wanted to "eat soup," as they put it, one way to get it was to challenge the humans to games of chance. These games, however, were not idle sport, but contests in
which lives were wagered on the outcome. If the humans won, they would kill the Giants wagered; if the Giants won, they would kill and eat the humans that they had won. Since the Giants were so
large, they almost always won when they played against mortal humans. [25] As a result, many of the good spirits, taking pity on the abused humans, would descend to earth and give them their
aid. Turtle, the spirit who invented war, was the most prominent and active of these. When the Giants prepared to engage in games or in war, they would generally paint themselves black from
head to toe [26], although on other occasions, they were known to have painted themselves completely red. [27] One of their favorite games was dice. To get their dice, a Giant would pound his
chest and cough up birds, which he would then throw up into the air like regular dice. In keeping with the icy associations of the Giants, the species was usually the snowbird. [28] One of the most
popular contests was lacrosse. [29] The Giants would often be led by an amazon like Pretty Woman. Nevertheless, in whatever game they engaged, they were almost always defeated by the good
spirits [30], the single exception being wrestling. Although they were never able to out-wrestle Turtle, they were able to defeat both Redhorn and the Thunderbird, Storms as He Walks. [31] On
another occasion they out-wrestled a white Wolf Spirit, then killed and ate him. [32] When Morning Star came to earth, he also faced a challenge from the Giants to wrestle. As a warm-up, he
grappled with an oak and pulled the entire tree out by the roots and slammed it to the ground. This so frightened the Giants, that they fled and ceased to bother the humans for decades. [33]
Once when Turtle and Morning Star were on earth to help the mortals, they nearly wiped out the race of Giants, sparing only an old man, a little boy, and an infant girl, whom they forced to eat
grass. After this indignity, they threw them across the sea. [34] More than once the competing Giants were wiped out with the exception of just two individuals. [35]

Despite the conflict between humans and Giants, we know at least one case where the Wangerutcge bestowed a blessing upon a Bear clansman. Four Giant brothers who lived in the heavens,
along with other spirits, gave this man a warbundle and sacred warpath songs that led to many a victory. [36]

There may be a few solitary Giants left, since in historical times an Ice Giant attacked a man on the Wisconsin River between Stevens Point and Wisconsin Rapids. It was only because he was
carrying a powerful medicine with him that he was able to fend off his huge opponent until his friends could come to his rescue. [37]
Others, however, say that this race of malignant man eaters
disappeared completely around 1840 when the last of them was killed off by a Good Giant who reduced himself in size to live among the humans and bless them. [38] ( *I believe they went
underground and now live in the ancient tunnel systems and cities..Sutherland )



The Vatican
has been long accused of keeping artifacts and ancient books in their vast cellars, without allowing the outside world access to them. These secret treasures, often of a controversial
historical or religious nature, are thought to be  suppressed by the  Church because they might damage it's credibility,  casting doubt on their official texts.

The Smithsonian has also been accused of being invoved in this coverup. They have been suppressing  archaeological evidence since the late 1800's.  In 1881 the  Smithsonian began rewriting
history , promoting the idea that the Native Americans were the original  Mound Builders. An idea that is accepted today .
They also began a program suppressing evidence that lent credence to the School of Thought, known as DIFFUSIONISM.
* Diffusionism is a belief that throughout history there was  interaction of people with world wide travel and trade.
The Smithsonian opted for the opposite School of Thought, known as ISOLATIONISM.
* Isolationism holds that most civilizations were isolated from each other with very little contact between them -especially those separated by water.

In this intellectual war that started in the 1880s, it was held that even contact between the civilizations of the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys were rare, and certainly these civilizations did not have any
contact with such advanced cultures as the Mayas, Toltecs, or Aztecs in Mexico and Central America. By Old World standards this is an extreme, and even ridiculous idea, considering that the river
system reached to the Gulf of Mexico and these civilizations were as close as the opposite shore of the gulf. It was like saying that cultures in the Black Sea area could not have had contact with
the Mediterranean.

When the contents of many ancient mounds and pyramids of the Midwest were examined, it was shown that the history of the Mississippi River Valleys was that of an ancient and sophisticated
culture that had been in contact with Europe and other areas. Not only that, the contents of many mounds revealed burials of huge men, sometimes seven or eight feet tall, in full armour with
swords and sometimes huge treasures.

A well-known historical researcher (who shall remain nameless),  told that a former employee of the Smithsonian, who was dismissed for defending the view of diffusionism in the Americas (i.e. the
heresy that other ancient civilizations may have visited the shores of North and South America during the many millennia before Columbus), alleged that the
Smithsonian at one time had actually
taken a barge full of unusual artifacts out into the Atlantic and dumped them in the ocean

De Soto's Encounters with Giants
In 1539, probably while the survivors of Narvaez' crew were making their way across the country, another Spanish explorer, Hernando De Soto, sailed nine ships into Tampa Bay. There he put
ashore six hundred lancers, targeteers, cross-bowmen, and harque-busiers, along with two hundred and thirteen horses. As they ventured inland, the first Indians they encountered were friendly
Timucuans. While some of their leaders were giants, most of these people stood, on average, only a foot taller than the explorers. Their vast territory extended from Tampa Bay north to the
present Jacksonville area and west to the Aucilla River, which runs along the eastern border of modern Jefferson County and empties into the gulf.

As De Soto marched through the various Indian provinces, he met with their caciques. It was his custom after these conferences to courteously "detain" the cacique and some of his nobles--as a
precaution against attack. He also required them to furnish him with porters. The Indians' reaction to this policy varied. After some reluctance, the cacique of Ocala, "an Indian of enormous size and
amazing strength,"12 finally agreed to become De Soto's "guest." Vitacucho, the cacique in the neighboring province of Caliquin (present-day Alachua County), consented only after his daughter
chanced to fell into De Soto's hands. But even while being detained, Vitacucho and his tall warriors secretly managed two serious uprisings. Copafi, the cacique of the Apalachee around
Tallahassee, described as "a man of monstrous proportions,"13 refused even to meet with De Soto, but a party led by the governor himself finally captured the giant and brought him in.

After wintering at Ambaica Apalachee, the Spanish explorers crossed over into Georgia. But there they received a kindly reception, with the nation of the Creeks greeting them everywhere in a
warm, friendly manner. The several other caciques who guided them through the Carolinas and into Tennessee were, for the most part, also friendly, and even those who may have been offended
by the governor's invitation to accompany him offered no serious objection. So all went well--until De Soto's company reached the borders of the giant cacique Tuscaloosa. As suzerain over many
caciques, he ruled a wide territory that included most of modern Alabama and Mississippi. Though proud and haughty, Tuscaloosa sent an embassy headed by his huge son to greet and welcome
De Soto and his men.

Tuscaloosa's heir apparent, who, at eighteen years, already stood as tall as his father, came to De Soto while he stayed at Tallise, a large Indian town located on the bank of a great river. The
young giant delivered to the governor the following communication from Tuscaloosa: "The grand cacique of Tuscaloosa, my master, sends me to salute you. He bids me say, that he is told how all,
not without reason, are led captive by your perfection and power; that wheresoever lies your path you receive gifts and obedience, which he knows are all your due; and that he longs to see you
as much as he could desire for the continuance of life. Thus, he sends me to offer you his person, his lands, his subjects; to say, that wheresoever it shall please you to go through his territories,
you will find service and obedience, friendship and peace. In requital of this wish to serve you, he asks that you so far favor him as to say when you will come; for that the sooner you do so, the
greater will be the obligation, and to him the earlier pleasure."14

Dismissing the cacique of Coca, who had accompanied him to Tuscaloosa's borders, De Soto set out to meet with Tuscaloosa. Early on the morning of the third day, the governor, his master of the
camp, and fifteen cavalrymen entered the village where he was quartered. Having heard daily reports from his scouts on De Soto's progress, the Indian chieftain was prepared to receive them in
state. As they rode in, they saw Tuscaloosa stationed on a high place, seated on a mat. Around him stood one hundred of his noblemen, all dressed in richly colored mantles and plumes.
Tuscaloosa appeared to be about forty years old. His physical measurements, writes Garcilaso de la Vega, who accompanied De Soto, "were like those of his son, for both were more than a
half-yard taller than all the others. He appeared to be a giant, or rather was one, and his limbs and face were in proportion to the height of his body. His countenance was handsome, and he wore
a look of severity, yet a look which well revealed his ferocity and grandeur of spirit. His shoulders conformed to his height, and his waistline measured just a little more than two-thirds of a yard. His
arms and legs were straight and well formed and were in proper proportion to the rest of his body. In sum he was the tallest and most handsomely shaped Indian that the Castilians saw during all
their travels."15

As the cavaliers and officers of the camp who preceded De Soto rode forward and arranged themselves in his presence, Tuscaloosa took not the slightest notice of them, even as they made their
horses curvet and caracole as they passed. Determined to excite his at ten-ti on, some spurred their horses up to his very feet, to which "he, with great gravity, and seemingly with indifference, now
and then would raise his eyes, and look on as in contempt."16 He made no move to rise even when De Soto approached. So the governor took him by the hand, and they walked together to the
piazza. There they sat on a bench and talked for several minutes.

Two days later De Soto decided to resume his journey toward Mobile.17 He also decided to take Tuscaloosa with him. On these marches the cacique in custody always rode alongside the
governor. So De Soto ordered a horse for Tuscaloosa. But owing to the cacique's huge size and great weight, not even the largest horse they brought forward was able to bear him. At last, a pack
horse accustomed to heavy burdens proved strong enough to carry the chief. But when he mounted Tuscaloosa's feet almost touched the ground. This description accords with Garcilaso de la
Vega's statement that the chief stood a half-yard taller than the tallest men around him. Though no one recorded Tuscaloosa's actual size, these two measurements give us some idea of his
height. If these descriptions are accurate, then we cannot err too much in estimating his stature at about eight feet.

Even while they were on the trail to Mobile, De Soto's party encountered an ominous sign of what awaited them. Two soldiers turned up missing. The Spaniards suspected that the Indians caught
the two men some distance from camp and killed them. When De Soto questioned Tuscaloosa about their whereabouts, the cacique testily replied that the Indians were not the white men's
keepers. Vigilance was now increased, and the governor dispatched two of his best men to Mobile under the pretext of making arrangements for provisions. Four days later, as the Spaniards
approached the town, the scouts rode out to De Soto and reported that many Indians had gathered inside and that some preparations had been made. They then suggested the army camp in the
woods nearby. Unfortunately, the doughty De Soto refused to heed his scouts' advice.

While the army waited, the governor with his small party approached the town and its high walls. Just then a welcoming committee of painted warriors, clad in robes of skins and head-pieces with
many feathers of very brilliant colors, came out to greet them. A group of young Indian maidens followed, dancing and singing to music played on rude instruments. The governor entered the town
with Tuscaloosa, his son, and the cacique's entourage. Seven or eight men of his own guard plus four cavalrymen also accompanied him. They seated themselves in a piazza. From here, De Soto
saw that there were only about eighty houses, but several of them large enough to hold one thousand to fifteen hundred people. Unknown to him, more than two thousand Indian warriors now
stood in concealment behind these walls, waiting.

After some of the chief men from the town joined him, Tuscaloosa withdrew a short distance from De Soto. With a severe look, he warned the governor and his party to leave at once. In attempting
to regain custody of the chief, a tussle between a Spaniard and an Indian ignited an all-out war. Under a hail of arrows, De Soto and most of his men retreated from the village. The governor then
ordered the town besieged. After a time, the Spaniards gained entry, set fire to the buildings, and conducted a massacre. According to Alvaro Fernandez, about two thousand five hundred Indians
died that day, while only eighteen Spaniards fell. Among the Indian dead was Tuscaloosa's giant son and heir apparent. Tuscaloosa himself escaped. At the start of the battle, some of his chiefs,
wanting to protect his life for the good of their nation, persuaded him to flee Mobile. Tuscaloosa reluctantly agreed, departing with twenty brave bodyguards soon after the battle began.

(See Arizona Giants; California Giants; Cocopa Giants; Copafi; Coronado's Giant Discoveries; Florida Giants; Graveyards of the Giants; Horned Giants; Indiana Giants; Mississippi and Texas
Giants; Montana's Giants; Ocala; Ohio Giants; San Francisco Giants; Seri Giants; Tuscaloosa; Yuman Giants; also see Barranc de Cobre Giants; Mexico's Giants; Quiname; Tlaxcala's Giants)

De Vaca and the Giants (See Florida Giants)

Harassments by these Indian giants continued. So Narvaez decided to head south for the gulf coast and escape by the sea. Arriving there after much hardship, he and his men constructed five
crude boats, in order to search along the coast for a Spanish settlement. Unfortunately, a sudden, fierce storm caught them some distance from land. The high winds drove all the boats, with all
their men aboard, far out to sea. All were subsequently lost except Cabeza de Vaca and three companions who managed to reach the shore. They walked across Texas and northern Mexico,
finally reaching the Pacific coast where they linked up with Francisco Vazquez de Coronado in 1541.

(See Arizona Giants; California Giants; Cocopa Giants; Copafi; Coronado's Giant Discoveries; De Soto's Encounters with Giants; Graveyards of the Giants; Horned Giants; Indiana Giants;
Mississippi and Texas Giants; Montana's Giants; Ocala; Ohio Giants; San Francisco Giants; Serf Giants; Tuscaloosa; Yuman Giants; also see Barranc de Cobre Giants; Mexico's Giants; Quiname;
Tlaxcala's Giants)

Freeman, Charles
Michigan-born Charles Freeman could lift fifteen hundred-weight, and "could throw an astounding number of somersaults in succession and run and jump like a deer."21 But he knew almost
nothing about professional boxing. After gazing upon his seven-foot, six-inch frame and witnessing his feats of great strength and agility, one-time British prize-fighter champion Ben Caunt decided
that did not matter. He envisioned great things for Freeman in the ring and persuaded the young man to return with him to London.

Before leaving, Caunt tipped the New York press. The writers, of course, pounced on the story. They built Freeman up, giving him a fictitious record, while the editors caught their readers' attention
with headlines proclaiming that the huge American was crossing the Atlantic to lay claim to the "Championship of the World."

On December 14,1842, near Sawbridgeworth, Freeman fought seventy rounds with William Perry, known as "The Tipton Slasher," but the bout "was adjourned due to darkness falling." Six days
later they resumed the match, "but Perry fell before receiving a blow and was disqualified."22

Freeman gave up boxing for the stage. In early 1843, he appeared at the Olympia Theatre in The Son of the Desert and Demon Changeling, a piece written expressly for him. He also did a stint
with the circus. "His great circus performance," according to a Hunterian Museum report, "was to ride two horses at a time, galloping around the arena, with his arms above his head balancing a
man."23 Perhaps to make ends meet, he later became a barman at the Lion and Ball tavern in Red Lion Street, Holborn.

The giant barman excited the Lion and Ball's regular crowd and attracted many new patrons, who got to see him for only the price of a whiskey.
Mary Sutherland is an author and
researcher focusing her work on
consciousness studies, ancient history and
unusual phenomena. She is a "hands on"
researcher and the creator of one of the
largest website on the internet with
hundreds of pages providing information
on the paranormal, UFOs, ancient races
and their cultures, sacred sites and power
points of the world, underground tunnels
and cave systems, dimensional worlds ,
metaphysics, etc. The governor of
Kentucky commissioned her as a
‘Kentucky Colonel” for her work on the
ancient sites of Kentucky. For the last 5
years, she has been exploring, mapping
and documenting the ancient underwater
structures of Rock Lake – near Aztalan.
For the last fourteen years she has been
documenting the ancient sites around
Burlington, WI. Truth is her passion. She
believes it is through truth that we will
break ourselves free of our present
entanglements in life. When we become
free, we will create our own ‘personal story’
of the ‘hero’s journey’ suggested by
Joseph Campbell.
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Brad and Mary Sutherland
248 Carver Street
Winslow, Illinois 61089
815 367 1006
Exploring the Unknown race of giants  with
Mary Sutherland