copyright 2004  and 2018 Mary Sutherland
Continued from Page One.


The ancient people not  only had developed a great urban civilization based upon an agrarian economy but constructed  the ingenious system of interlocking canals. With amazing skill, the
engineers developed an internal system of navigation, linking the lakes and rivers with the various metropolitan centers of the region, and it was by means of these interconnecting waterways that
the cities received the needed produce. The Mississippi River served as the principal transportation artery. Dr. G.C. Swallow, in referring to one of these canals, said, "One of them, that I
examined, measured 53 feet wide and was 14 feet deep." More of these canal  system was created interlinking water routes from the Great Lakes

Many archaeologists and investigators say that the 'artificial' rivers in the southern part of the United States are a gift handed down by this mysterious race

Wonders of the Lowlands by L.J. DuPre - Excerpt:

“About twenty years ago Elijah Cheek, who during the late war sought the Chief Magistracy of Arkansas at the hands of President Lincoln, was engaged in constructing a plank road from Mound
city, five miles above Memphis to Marion, the capital of Crittenden County, ten miles west of Memphis. In making excavations and embankments Mr. Cheek discovered strangely shaped bricks of
which specimens were sent to the writer of this memoir. They were made of grayish clay nine by 12 inches in width and length and four inches thick. Mr Cheek supposed from the number of ruins
which he found every fe rods along the route of this old military road that Spaniards, when they held the country, built palaces every where and grew enormously rich by cultivating the lowlands. He
finally accepted the conclusion, after hearing a curious recitation of mound builder's history written by the late
Cornelias Mathews of New York that the old military road was not the product of modern but of ancient skill and toil. He then saw how the ridge it traverses is artificial, how it is wider where the
richest mound builder built his domicile and how it is true that these people lifted up in the lowlands not only countless canals and aguadas, but mounds and dug count-absolutely created, by
uplifting the earth that constituted them, broad farms of hundreds and even thousands of acres.

We of modern times are boastful of the triumphs of engineering skill the bridges rivers upheaves levees and builds railways. Thee mound builders achieved mightier tasks and constructed road
beds that stagger credulity and dug canals infinitely more serviceable than railways every where in the lowlands. Floods ruinous to civilization and wealth were rendered by them wholly
impossible. Canals were not only the cheapest agencies of commerce, but the area of water service exposed to the action of the sun's rays was not materially lessened, as would occur if levees
could effect their purpose and wail in the river. No such changes in climatic or hygrometrical laws resulted as would reader, by producing wet and dry seasons, the successful cultivation of cotton
impossible. These mound builders were wiser than we. They cultivated the lowlands, first regulating the distribution of water, and making the country healthful by this useful system of drainage;
and then doubtless there were at Memphis, as at St. Louis and Loisville, and other points designated by remains of the mound builders greatest works, magnificent cities.”

In estimating the period at which these people occupied the Mississippi Valley, Mr. Du Pre bases his calculations on the fact that the ruins of their work are not found lower down the river than at a
a distance of 325 miles from its mouth. As the Mississippi makes land at the rate of nearly a mile in eight years, it would follow that a period of about 3000 years must have elapsed since the city
was built at the (then) mouth of the river , the present site of Natchez, Miss. The statement is made by Du Pre as follows: “The river has grown 325 miles in length since the mound builders
ceased to follow its curse downward from the Lake Superior copper mines to the Mexican Gulf and thus the conclusion is deduced that quite 3000 years have elapsed since the people known as
mound builders utterly disappeared.”

Over 10,000 mounds have been documented in Wisconsin, with
probably twice that amount still unreported. Conical mounds  
located off W going into Rochester, Wisconsin several miles from
Burlington. This mound is located in the public hunting grounds
and wetland area across from Signal Hill
Clovis People Not First To Populate North America, New Evidence Suggests ScienceDaily (Feb. 27, 2007)

The belief that the Clovis People were the first to populate North America some 11,500 years ago has been
widely challenged in recent years, and a Texas A&M University anthropologist has found evidence he says
could be the final nail in the coffin for the Clovis first model.
Michael Waters, director of the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas
A&M, is the lead author of the paper
"Redefining the Age of Clovis: Implications for
the Peopling of the Americas,
" that appears in the Feb. 23 (Friday) issue of

Waters' paper revises the original dates for the Clovis time period, suggesting that
humans likely inhabited the Americas before Clovis, who have long been
considered to be the first inhabitants of the New World.

Waters says. "The new dating that we did indicates that the Clovis Complex
ranges from 11,050 to 10,900 radiocarbon years before the present."

"The long-range implications of our study is that it will get scientists looking for
pre-Clovis evidence with a lot more vigor and thinking differently about Clovis,"
Waters says. "This will force us to develop a new model to explain the peopling of
the Americas."
The Mound Builders of North America Part 2
Exploring the Unknown   with
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Mary Sutherland